A Brief History of Embryology: Historical Vignettes in Embryology

  • Basith AmjadEmail author


What is embryology? It is perhaps an arbitrary term to describe a vast and fascinating science. Most embryologists consider their discipline as the study of “developmental biology”, essentially encompassing biological development from a fertilized egg to a multicellular organism.

Suggested Reading

  1. A history of embryology by Joseph Needham. 2nd edition revised by Arthur Hughes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1959.Google Scholar
  2. Gilbert S, editor. Developmental biology Volume 7: a conceptual history of modern embryology. New York: Plenum Press; 1991.Google Scholar
  3. Matter, life and generation. Eighteenth-century embryology and the Haller-Wolff debate by Shirley A Roe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1981.Google Scholar
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  5. Sadler TW. Langman’s medical embryology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.Google Scholar
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  7. Wellner K. On line review of a history of embryoilogy by Joseph Needham. In: The Embryo Project Encyclopedia, Embryo Project, US National Science Foundation, Washington DC; Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ; 2010.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgical PaediatricsThe Royal Hospital for ChildrenGlasgowUK

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