Beyond Delivery Modes and Apps: A Case Study on Mobile Blended Learning in Higher Education
Mobile learning has received an increasing attention by the TEL community since 2010. While much research is available on the effectiveness of individual apps and educational approaches and despite that many higher education institutions introduced special mobile learning apps, relatively little is known about the rationale of scaling up mobile learning in higher education institutions. It reports on a case study, in which a mobile app solution has been integrated into a lecture at a major Swiss university. The study analyses the student’s use of mobile media and the use of a smart-phone app in a mobile blended learning setting. The results indicate that today’s students live in a multi device environment and are likely to use mobile apps in new contexts and settings if this is supported by an app. They also show that mobiles will not replace other delivery modes or technologies. Instead, the findings indicate that students used the mobile learning solution for extending and enriching their learning environment. Therefore, this study suggests that mobile learning needs to blend into rich learning environments, in which they co-exist with paper books, classroom experiences, laptops, and tablets. The insights define new requirements for both, mobile apps and virtual learning environments, in order to meet the future challenges of TEL in higher education.
KeywordsBlended learning Case-study Device ecologies Device usage Educational design Evaluation Higher education Mobile learning Seamless learning
The research presented in this paper was partially supported by the IIL funds of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Zurich. The authors thank Prof. Frank Esser and Nicole Ernst for supporting this study in their lecture.
- 1.Google Inc.: Our mobile planet. http://think.withgoogle.com/mobileplanet/en
- 2.Glahn, C.: Mobile learning in security and defense: foundations, technologies, approaches and challenges. Report; Center for security studies. ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland (2013). https://lo-f.at/glahn/2015/03/30/REPORT_MLearning_v14%20-%20final%20-%20with%20CC%20%281%29.pdf
- 5.Kukulska-Hulme, A., Sharples, M., Milrad, M., Arnedillo-Sánchez, I., Vavoula, G.: The genesis and development of mobile learning in Europe. In: Parsons, D. (ed.) Combining e-Learning and m-Learning: New Applications of Blended Educational Resources, pp. 151–177. Information Science Reference, Hershey (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 6.Traxler, J.: Defining mobile learning. In: Isaías, P., Borg, C., Kommers, P., Bonanno, P. (eds.) Proceedings of IADIS International Conference on Mobile Learning 2005, pp. 261–266. IADIS, Malta (2005)Google Scholar
- 10.Glahn, C., Hug, T., Gassler, G.: Embedded e-learning. New. Educ. Rev. 1, 243–254 (2005)Google Scholar
- 11.Gassler, G., Glahn, C., Hug, T.: Integrated micro learning – an outline of the basic method and first results. In: Auer, M., Auer, U. (Eds.) International Conference Villach/Austria “Interactive computer aided learning” ICL 2004. The future of Learning (2004)Google Scholar
- 12.Mitsopoulou, E., Glahn, C.: Interoperability issues and solutions for integrating mobile micro learning with learning management systems. In: Proceedings of the Microlearning 7.0 Conference, Krems, Austria, 25–26 September 2013Google Scholar
- 13.ADL Initiative: Experience API (2015). https://github.com/adlnet/xAPI-Spec/blob/master/xAPI.md
- 14.Glahn, C.: Using the ADL experience API for mobile learning, sensing, informing, encouraging, orchestrating. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Next Generation Mobile Apps, Services and Technologies (NGMAST). IEEE Computer Society (2013)Google Scholar
- 15.ADL Initiative: Training and learning architecture (TLA) (2013). http://www.adlnet.gov/tla
- 16.Bangor, A., Kortum, P., Miller, J.: Determining what individual SUS scores mean: adding an adjective rating scale. J. Usability Stud. 4(3), 114–123 (2009)Google Scholar
- 17.Brooke, J.: SUS: a “quick and dirty” usability scale. In: Jordan, P.W., Thomas, B., Weerdmeester, B.A., McClelland, A.L. (eds.) Usability Evaluation in Industry, pp. 189–194. Taylor & Francis, London (1996)Google Scholar
- 18.Electric Paper Evaluations systeme GmbH: EvaSys. https://www.evasys.de/uebersicht-evasys-suite.html
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.