MRI-Guided DBS for Parkinson’s Disease

  • Richard Rammo
  • Jason M. Schwalb
  • Ellen L. AirEmail author


Accurate surgical placement is critical for successful deep brain stimulation (DBS) of Parkinson’s disease. Traditionally, this has required the patient to be awake for intra-operative physiologic testing. Here, an intra-operative MRI approach is described that allows for the patient to be under general anesthesia. The unique equipment and MRI safety requirements are detailed. MRI-guided DBS has been shown to have equivalent outcomes to microelectrode-guided DBS placement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Rammo
    • 1
  • Jason M. Schwalb
    • 2
  • Ellen L. Air
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryHenry Ford West Bloomfield HospitalWest BloomfieldUSA

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