Hammertoes pp 331-353 | Cite as

Chapter: Primary Mallet Toe Correction

  • Simon E. SmithEmail author
  • Nicholas D. Ryan


Mallet toe is a common deformity affecting a single or multiple lesser digits. It involves flexion deformity of the distal interphalangeal joint of the toe. Mallet toe deformity presents more frequently in females and commonly affects the longest lesser digit. Increased weight-bearing pressure at the apex of a mallet toe is associated with pain, hyperkeratosis with extravasation, nail deformity and ulceration. Conservative management consists of footwear changes to reduce crowding of the digits, toe props or wedges, cushioned toe sleeves and palliative reduction of hyperkeratotic lesions. Several different surgical techniques are described for the management of mallet toe deformity, including percutaneous flexor digitorum longus tenotomy, arthrodesis and arthroplasty of the distal interphalangeal joint and distal phalangectomy.


Mallet toe Digital deformity Flexor tenotomy Tenotomy Arthrodesis Distal interphalangeal joint Phalangectomy Fixation Fifth toe Hammertoe syndrome Clawtoe Congenital Abnormalities 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australasian College of Podiatric SurgeonsMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Footlab+RingwoodAustralia

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