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Foot and Ankle: Conservative Management, Operative Management, and Return to Sport

  • Monique C. Chambers
  • Dukens LaBaze
  • Jesse Raszeswki
  • MaCalus V. HoganEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Foot and ankle injuries are one of the most common injuries within the athletic population. For masters athletes, years of repetitive motions inevitably contribute to degeneration of the most dependent structures of the body, the foot and ankle. As a result, competitive activity results in injuries related to stress and fatigue. Particularly, acute rupture of the Achilles tendon and/or chronic tendinopathy can lead to decreased performance and the need for operative intervention. Similarly, the plantar fascia may become irritated and inflamed and require intensive therapy or surgery for the athlete to continue high-level performance. Overuse and persistent load may cause debilitating stress fractures that are difficult to manage. Many of these conditions are managed through conservative measures and an emphasis on maintenance to control the symptoms of the respective condition. However, the masters athlete represents a unique population that may require surgical intervention once all other measures have been exhausted to allow them to continue high-level activity, even in a mature period of life.

Keywords

Athlete Foot Ankle Injury Degeneration Plantar fasciitis Tendinopathy Insufficiency Stress fracture 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monique C. Chambers
    • 1
  • Dukens LaBaze
    • 1
  • Jesse Raszeswki
    • 2
  • MaCalus V. Hogan
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Alabama College of Osteopathic MedicineDothanUSA
  3. 3.Foot and Ankle Division, Department of Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA

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