Ventricular Septal Defect, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, and Eisenmenger’s Syndrome

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi


A 32-year-old woman referred to our center because of dyspnea on exertion (functional class III). Physical examination revealed a faint systolic murmur, and the electrocardiogram showed a tall R in the right precordial leads. Chest X-ray demonstrated cardiomegaly, prominent pulmonary knob, and mild pulmonary congestion. She had given birth to two children and had experienced mild symptoms during the pregnancies.


Arterial Pressure Vascular Resistance Septal Defect Functional Class Systolic Pressure 
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Supplementary material

Video 59.1

(MP4 6257 kb)


  1. 24.
    Jung IH, Lee SY, Lee SJ, Lee JY, Park NJ, Ahn DS, et al. Device closure of a large atrial septal defect in a patient with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension after 1 year use of an oral endothelin receptor antagonist. J Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2013;21(3):140–4.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
    • 1
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EchocardiographyTehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Heart CentreTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of EchocardiographyKowsar HospitalShirazIran

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