European Access to Space: Factors of Autonomy

  • Cenan Al-EkabiEmail author
Part of the Studies in Space Policy book series (STUDSPACE, volume 10)


Launchers are one of the most recognisable elements of a nation’s space activities. This symbol is even stronger in the context of Europe’s spacefaring identity, as its Ariane 5 launcher is recognised both within the general public and among the actors in the global space community. With a successful track record exceeding 30 years, the Ariane launcher family is both a shining example of European achievements in space and, more broadly, the result of technological and scientific integration processes at the European level.


European Space Agency Launch Vehicle Upstream Sector Space Sector Commercial Space 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ESPI – European Space Policy InstituteViennaAustria

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