Advertisement

Kenyan eParticipation Ecologies and the Rise of African Techno-Discourses: Methodological and Ethical Challenges in Understanding the Role of ICTs in Kenya

  • Vincenzo CavalloEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Public Administration and Information Technology book series (PAIT, volume 9)

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to demonstrate why there is a real need to shift the current research approach to the study of ICTs for Democracy and Development in Africa and how such shift may occur.

The term eParticipation will be used to define a specific field of study that attempts to investigate how ICTs can be applied to improve citizen/community participation and consequently their capacity to influence government decision-making processes.

The term techno-discourse will be used to describe a system of thoughts composed of cultural and political values, beliefs and media practices that systematically construct the subjects and the worlds that are defined by it. Therefore a techno-discourse should be considered as an interpretative framework built to influence technological innovation processes and their different impacts on different societies.

The production and appropriation process behind the Kenyan eParticipation project Ushahidi generated a techno-discourse about the rise of African cyberdemocracies and the power of crowd-sourcing. This techno-discourse is deeply connected to a specific economical, cultural and political vision of a definable group of people and is currently affecting the Kenyan society at different levels and in different ways.

By using the eParticipation ecology analytical framework, we will try to understand the different phases of this process and its possible future impact on Kenyan society.

Keywords

Mobile Phone Power Dynamic Mainstream Medium Creative Class Media Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

Authored Books

  1. Camerer, C. F. (2003). Behavioral game theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Castells, M. (1998). End of millennium, the Information Age: Economy, society and culture (Vol. III). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Castells, M. (2009). Communication and power. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Flichy, P. (1995). Dynamics of modern communication: The shaping and impact of new communication technologies. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  5. Florida, R. (2005). The flight of the creative class: The new global competition for talent (1st ed.). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Harper Business.Google Scholar
  6. Foucault, M. (1972). The archaeology of knowledge. London: Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
  7. Hardt, M., & Negri, A. (2004). Multitude: War and democracy in the age of the empire. New York: The Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  8. Kuypers, J. A. (2009). Rhetorical criticism: Perspectives in action. Lanham, MD: Lexington Press.Google Scholar
  9. Kuypers, J. A. (2010). Framing analysis from a rhetorical perspective. In P. D’Angelo & J. A. Kuypers (Eds.), Doing news framing analysis. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man (1st ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  11. Meier, P., & Brodock, K. (2008). Crisis mapping Kenya’s election violence: Comparing mainstream news, citizen journalism and Ushahidi. Boston: Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, HHI, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  12. Morozov, E. (2011). The net delusion. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  13. Schumpeter, J. A. (1942/1994). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. London: Routledge. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-415-10762-4. Retrieved November 23, 2011.Google Scholar
  14. Snow, D. A., & Benford, R. D. (1988). Ideology, frame resonance, and participant mobilization. International Social Movement Research, 1, 197–217.Google Scholar
  15. Tacchi, J., Slater, D., & Hearn, G. (2003). Ethnographic action research: A user’s handbook. New Delhi, India: UNESCO.Google Scholar

Journal Articles

  1. Howards, P. (2002). Network ethnography and the hypermedia organization: New media, new organizations, new methods. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Loimeier, R. (2005, Autumn). The baraza: A grassroots institution. International SIM Review for the Study of Islam in the Modern World, 16, 26–27.Google Scholar
  3. Turpel, M. E. (1990). Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian charter: Interpretive monopolies, cultural differences. Canadian Human Rights Yearbook, 3(1989–1990), 4–45.Google Scholar

Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation or Master’s Theseis

  1. Cavallo, V. (2010). eParticipation and the theory of games. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, IULM University, Milan.Google Scholar

Paper Presented at

  1. Cavallo, V. (2009, May 6). The Win Win eParticipation model. Paper presented at the IST Africa Kampala Uganda.Google Scholar
  2. Zorn, T. (2002, July 10–12). Politics, emotion, and the discourse of ICT adoption and implementation. Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the Australia-New Zealand Communication Association, Gold Coast, Australia.Google Scholar

Websites

  1. Chan, J., Tully, M. (2012). Uchaguzi evaluation. http://www.slideshare.net/Ushahidi/kenyaushahidi-evaluation-uchaguzi

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cultural Video FoundationNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations