Advertisement

STRATI 2013 pp 33-36 | Cite as

Dinocyst Stratigraphy and Palaeoenvironmental Interpretation of the Cretaceous–Palaeogene Boundary at Stevns Klint, Denmark

  • Meriel E. J. Fitz PatrickEmail author
  • Malcolm B. Hart
  • David A. Forber
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

There has been some doubt cast upon the results of dinoflagellate cyst studies previously undertaken at Stevns Klint, Denmark, one of the classic outcrops of the Cretaceous–Palaeogene (K–Pg) boundary. A re-examination of both the uppermost Maastrichtian chalks and an expanded section of the Fish Clay (Fiskeler Member) has identified some differences between our findings and the earlier work. The white coccolith chalk of the uppermost Maastrichtian (Sigerslev Member) is placed in the Palynodinium grallator Zone. The last occurrence of P. grallator lies within the Højerup Member, which represents a shallower-water marine succession that is characterized by a series of dune-like structures. This confirms a latest Maastrichtian age for the P. grallator Zone. Within the Fiskeler Member, a number of new taxa appear, including Carpatella cornuta, Xenicodinium reticulatum, and Fibrocysta spp. The highest samples in the Fiskeler Member indicate a progressive transition towards more proximal environments, with no dinoflagellate cysts recorded, having been replaced in the samples by pollen grains.

Keywords

Dinocyst stratigraphy Cretaceous–Palaeogene boundary Stevns Klint Denmark 

References

  1. Brinkhuis H., Bujak J. P., Smit J. Versteegh G. J. M., & Visscher H. (1998). Dinoflagellate-based sea surface temperature reconstructions across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 141, 67–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Damholt, T., & Surlyk, F. (2012). Nomination of Stevns Klint for inclusion in the World Heritage List (p. 160). St Heddinge: østsjællands Museum.Google Scholar
  3. Desor, E. (1847). Sur le terrain danien, nouvel étage de la craie. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France,4, 179–182.Google Scholar
  4. Firth, J. (1987). Dinoflagellate biostratigraphy of the Maastrichtian to Danian interval in the U.S. Geological Survey Albany Core, Georgia, U.S.A. Palynology,11, 199–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hansen, J. M. (1977). Dinoflagellate stratigraphy and echinoid distribution in Upper Maastrichtian and Danian deposits from Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark,26, 1–26.Google Scholar
  6. Hansen, J. M. (1979). Dinoflagellate zonation around the boundary. In T. Birkelund, & R. G. Bromley (Eds.), Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary events symposium: I. The Maastrichtian and Danian of Denmark (pp. 136–141). Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  7. Hansen, H. J., Gwozdz, R., Hansen, J. M., Bromley, R. G., & Rasmussen, K. L. (1986). The diachronous K/T plankton extinction in the Danish Basin. In O. Walliser (Ed.), Global bioevents (Vol. 8 pp. 381–384), Lecture Notes on Earth Sciences . Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  8. Hart, M. B., Feist, S. E., Håkansson, E., Heinberg, C., Price, G. D., Leng, M. J., et al. (2005). The Cretaceous-Palaeogene boundary succession at Stevns Klint, Denmark: Foraminifers and stable isotope stratigraphy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,224, 6–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hart, M. B., Feist, S. E., Price, G. D., & Leng, M. J. (2004). Reappraisal of the K-T boundary succession at Stevns Klint, Denmark. Journal of the Geological Society,161, 885–892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hultberg SU (1985) Dinoflagellate studies of the Upper Maastrichtian and Danian in southern Scandinavia. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Stockholm.Google Scholar
  11. Hultberg, S. U. (1986). Danian dinoflagellate zonation, the C-T boundary and the stratigraphical position of the fish clay in southern Scandinavia. Journal of Micropalaeontology,5, 37–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hultberg, S. U. (1987). Palynological evidence for a diachronous low-salinity event in the C-T boundary clay at Stevns Klint, Denmark. Journal of Micropalaeontology,6, 35–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Molina, E., Alegret, L., Arenillas, I., Arz, J. A., Gallala, N., Hardenbol, J., et al. (2006). The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Danian Stage (Paleocene, Paleogene, “Tertiary”, Cenozoic) at El Kef, Tunisia: Original definition and revision. Episodes,29(4), 263–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Morgenroth, P. (1968). Zue kenntnis der Dinoflagellaten und Hystrichosphaeridien des Danien. Geologisches Jahrbuch,86, 533–578.Google Scholar
  15. Prauss, M. L. (2009). The K/Pg boundary at Brazos River, Texas, USA—An approach by marine palynology. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,283, 195–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rasmussen, J. A., Heinberg, A., & Håkansson, E. (2005). Planktic foraminifera from the lowermost type Danian of Stevns Klint, Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark,52, 113–131.Google Scholar
  17. Schmitz, B., Keller, G., & Stenvall, O. (1992). Stable isotope and foraminiferal changes across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Stevns Klint, Denmark: Arguments for long-term oceanic instability before and after bolide-impact event. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,96, 233–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Surlyk, F., Damholt, T., & Bjerager, M. (2006). Stevns Klint, Denmark: Uppermost Maastrichtian chalk, Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary and lower Danian mound complex. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark,54, 1–48.Google Scholar
  19. Versteegh, G. J. M. (1994). Recognition of cyclic and non-cyclic environmental changes in the Mediterranean Pliocene: A palynological approach. Marine Micropalaeontology,23, 147–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meriel E. J. Fitz Patrick
    • 1
    Email author
  • Malcolm B. Hart
    • 1
  • David A. Forber
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Plymouth UniversityPlymouthUK

Personalised recommendations