Advertisement

STRATI 2013 pp 315-319 | Cite as

Stratigraphy and Conservation of Cultural Heritage: the Example of Rupestrian Churches of Cappadocia (Turkey)

  • N. RovellaEmail author
  • S. Marabini
  • G. M. Crisci
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

The conservation of cultural heritage needs a multidisciplinary approach to identify the most suitable and durable methods of intervention regarding phisical and chemical decay of materials. In particular this approach is essential to preserve outdoor heritage affected by climatic and environmental changes; in regard to it, Cappadocian region is a unique ignimbrite landscape created by neogenic volcanic activity shaped by phenomena as erosion and freeze–thaw cycles. The tabular stratigraphic trend of the ignimbritic sequence influenced the geomorphological evolution, promoting typical earth pyramids called “fairy chimneys”. These structures were carved and transformed during the centuries, especially by Byzantine population, into urban centres and churches with precious frescoes; for this reason some Cappadocia sites have been in World Heritage List since 1985. The present work belongs to a greater research project about cave churches conservation coordinated by Prof.ssa Andaloro from Tuscia University (Italy). The aim is to focus the relationships between geological features and the conservation in Şahinefendi village, already known for the site of Sobesos, a city dating to the late Roman and early Christian period (mid-4th century to 5th century A.D.).

Keywords

Cappadocia Degradation Earth pyramids Rock hewn churches 

References

  1. Koralay, T., Kadioglu, Y. K., & Davis, P. (2011). Weak compositional zonation in a silicic magmatic system: Incesu ignimbrite, central anatolian volcanic province (Kayseri—Turkey). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,40, 371–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Le Pennec, J. L., Bourdier, J. L., Froger, J. L., Temel, A., Camus, G., & Gourgaud, A. (1994). Neogene ignimbrites of Nevehir Plateau (central Turkey): Stratigraphy, distribution and source costraints. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,63, 59–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Pasquarè, G. (1968). Geology of Cenozoic volcanic area of Central Anatolia. Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei,9, 53–294.Google Scholar
  4. Temel, A., Gundogdu, N., Gourgaud, A., & Le Pennec, J. L. (1998). Ignimbrites of Cappadocia (Central Anatolia, Turkey): petrology and geochemistry. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,185, 447–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Topal, T., & Doyuran, V. (1998). Analyses of deterioration of the Cappadocian tuff Turkey. Environmental Geology,34, 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università della CalabriaArcavacata di RendeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth ScienceUniversity of CalabriaCosenzaItaly

Personalised recommendations