STRATI 2013 pp 1143-1147 | Cite as

Thrombolites from the Neoproterozoic Bhander Group, Vindhyan Supergroup, Central India

  • S. K. PandeyEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


This study presents an account of the well-preserved clotted fabric of thrombolites from the black-bedded cherts of the Bhander Limestone, Maihar area, Satna District, Madhya Pradesh. This is the first record of thrombolites from any carbonate horizon of the Upper Vindhyan Supergroup. Thrombolites are restricted in the Proterozoic and is reported mostly from the upper Neoproterozoic and Cambrian; however, it is long ranging. Form is closely associated with algal laminites, which are trapped in silica gel.


Thrombolites Neoproterozoic Bhander limestone Vindhyan Supergroup India 



Dr K. K. Agarwal (Head, Department of Geology, University of Lucknow) is thanked for providing laboratory facilities. Financial assistance to S.K.P from the DST, New Delhi in the form of a research projects entitled no: SR/S4/ES-86/2004 and SR/S4/ES-348/2008 is gratefully acknowledged. S.K.P. also thanks CSIR, New Delhi for financial assistance in the form of SRF.


  1. Aitken, J. D., & Narbonne, G. M. (1989). Two occurrences of Precambrian thrombolites from the Mackenzie mountains, Northwestern Canada. Palaios,4, 384–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aitken, J. D. (1967). Classification and environmental significance of cryptalgal limestones and dolomites, with illustrations from the Cambrian and Ordovician of Southwestern Alberta. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology,37, 1163–1178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armella, C. (1994). Thrombolitic–stromatolitic cycles of the Cambro–Ordovician boundary sequence, Precordillera Oriental Basin, Western Argentina. In J. Bertrand-Sarfati, & C. Monty (Eds.) Phanerozoic Stromatolites II (pp. 421– 441). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  4. Bhattacharyya, A. (1993). The Upper Vindhyan of Maihar, Satna district, Madhya Pradesh, A field guide. Geological Society of India, 53, 717–723.Google Scholar
  5. Burne, R. V., & Moore, L. S. (1987). Microbialites: Organosedimentary deposits of benthic microbial communities. Palaios,2, 241–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jeevankumar, S., & Banerjee, S. (2005). Microfabric and origin of thrombolites in Paleoproterozoic Kajrahat Limestone, Vindhyan Supergroup, Central India. Abstract volume on Proterozoic Systems of India, organized at ISM Dhanbad, November 11–12, p. 19.Google Scholar
  7. Kah, L. C., & Grotzinger, J. P. (1992). Early Proterozoic (1.9 Ga) thrombolites of the Rocknest formation, Northwest Territories, Canada. Palaios,7, 305–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kennard, J. M., & James, N. P. (1986). Thrombolites and stromatolites; two distinct types of microbial structures. Palaios,1, 492–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kennard, J. M. (1989). The structure and origin of CambroOrdovician Thrombolites, Western Newfoundland. Ph.D. Thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s. (Unpublished).Google Scholar
  10. Kennard, J. M. (1994). Thrombolites and stromatolites within shale–carbonate cycles, Middle–Late Cambrian Shannon Formation, Amadeus Basin, central Australia. In J. Bertrand-Sarfati & C. Monty (Eds.), Phanerozoic Stromatolites II (pp. 443–471). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  11. Kumar, S., & Pandey, S. K. (2008). Arumberia and associated fossils from the Neoproterozoic Maihar Sandstone, Vindhyan supergroup, Central India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,53(1), 83–97.Google Scholar
  12. Kumar, S., & Srivastava, P. (1997). A note on the carbonaceous megafossils from the Neoproterozoic Bhander Group, Maihar area, Madhya Pradesh. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,34, 69–77.Google Scholar
  13. Kumar, S., & Srivastava, P. (2003). Carbonaceous megafossils from the Neoproterozoic Bhander group, Central India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,48, 125–140.Google Scholar
  14. Kumar, S. (1976a). Significance of stromatolites in the correlation of Semri Series (Lower Vindhyans) of Son Valley and Chitrakut area, U. P. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,19, 24–27.Google Scholar
  15. Kumar, S. (1976b). Stromatolites from the Vindhyan rocks of Son Valley-Maihar area, district Mirzapur (U. P.) and Satna (M. P.). Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,18, 13–21.Google Scholar
  16. Kumar, S. (1999). Siliceous sponge spicule-like forms from the Neoproterozoic Bhander Limestone, Maihar area, Madhya Pradesh. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,44, 141–148.Google Scholar
  17. Kumar, S. (2012). Stratigraphy and correlation of the Neoproterozoic deposits of Central and Western India: An overview. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 366, doi: 10.1144/SP366.9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Misra, Y., & Kumar, S. (2005). Coniform stromatolites and the Vindhyan Supergroup, Central India: Implication for basinal correlation and age. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India,50(2), 153–167.Google Scholar
  19. Misra, Y. (2004). Stromatolite biostratigraphy of Vindhyan Basin. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lucknow (Unpublished), p. 149.Google Scholar
  20. Pandey, S. K., & Kumar, S. (2013). Organic walled microbiota from the silicified algal clasts, Bhander Limestone, Satna area, Madhya Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 82, 499–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pandey, S. K. (2012). Biozonation and correlation of the Neoproterozoic Bhander group, India (p. 165). Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH and Co. KG.Google Scholar
  22. Prasad, B. (2007). Obruchevella and other Terminal Proterozoic (Vendian) organic-walled microfossils from the Bhander group (Vindhyan supergroup), Madhya Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India,69, 295–310.Google Scholar
  23. Pratt, B. R., & James, N. P. (1982). Cryptalgal–metazoan bioherms of early Ordovician age in the St. George group, Western Newfoundland. Sedimentology,29, 543–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rao, T. K., Rao, K. S., & Gupta, S. (1981). Petrography and sedimentary structures of Nagod Limestone in parts of Satna and Rewa districts, Madhya Pradesh. Proceedings of the Symposium on Vindhyans of central India, Geological Survey of India Miscellaneous Publication 50, pp. 163–172.Google Scholar
  25. Riding, R. (2000). Microbial carbonates: The geological record of calcified bacterial–algal mats and biofilms. Sedimentology,47(1), 179–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Riding, R. (2008). Abiogenic, microbial and hybrid authigenic carbonate crusts: components of Precambrian stromatolites. Geologia Croatica, 61(2–3), 73–103.Google Scholar
  27. Shapiro, R. S., & Awramik, S. M. (2006). Favosamaceria Cooperi new group and form: A widely dispersed, time-restricted thrombolite. The Journal of Paleontology,80(3), 411–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Valdiya, K. S. (1969). Stromatolites of the lesser Himalayan carbonates and the Vindhyan. Journal of the Geological Society of India,10, 1–25.Google Scholar
  29. Walter, M. R., & Heys, G. R. (1985). Links between the rise of the Metazoa and the decline of stromatolites. Precambrian Research,29, 149–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Birbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanyLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations