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STRATI 2013 pp 1021-1025 | Cite as

Bivalves in Upper Devonian to Lower Mississippian Biostratigraphy

  • Michael R. W. AmlerEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)

Abstract

Bivalves of the former “Posidonia venusta” group are widespread in Upper Devonian to lowermost Mississippian strata within low-latitude pelagic environments (Hercynian and Kulm facies). At present, these taxa are assigned to the bivalve genus Guerichia as determined by SEM observations of the shell microstructure. The form group can be subdivided into several taxa at the species level, which appear to be biostratigraphically important and indicate biostratigraphic zones in the pelagic Upper Devonian. Former attempts at a biostratigraphic zonation in Kazakhstan are successfully adopted in comparable facies in Europe. Close to the Devonian–Carboniferous (D–C) boundary of Hercynian (i.e., basinal) facies, Guerichia venustas. str. characterizes the upper Famennian, whereas Guerichia ratingensis (= G. venustiformis) indicates the D–C boundary interval and Guerichia mariannae probably the lower Mississippian. Future correlation with conodonts will be performed soon.

Keywords

Bivalvia Guerichia Posidonia venusta Upper Devonian Lower Mississippian Biostratigraphy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Geology and MineralogyUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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