Advertisement

The Internet of Things to Support Urban Incident Responses

  • Rodrigo Santos
  • Javier Orozco
  • Sergio F. Ochoa
  • Roc Meseguer
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8276)

Abstract

Although the technological components required to implement Internet of Things (IoT) inspired solutions are already available, in most application scenarios it is not clear how to structure and combine them to reach a certain global behavior of a system. This paper proposes an architecture that helps design IoT-based systems that support the first responses during medium-size or large urban incidents. The main components of this architecture are characterized and the interactions between them are also specified. The usefulness of the proposed architecture is illustrated through its hypothetical use in a real urban emergency. The use of this proposal could be extended to other application areas such as security operatives and monitoring of patients at home.

Keywords

Internet of things human-based wireless sensor networks emergency response urban emergencies ambient intelligence information sharing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aldunate, R., Ochoa, S.F., Pena-Mora, F., Nussbaum, M.: Robust Mobile Ad-hoc Space for Collaboration to Support Disaster Relief Efforts Involving Critical Physical Infrastructure. ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 20(1), 13–27 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braunstein, B., Trimble, T., Mishra, R., Manoj, B., Lenert, L., Rao, R.: Challenges in Using Distributed Wireless Mesh Networks in Emergency Response. In: Proc. of ISCRAM 2006, NJ, USA, May 13-17 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Evanco, W.: The impact of rapid incident detection on freeway accident fatalities. Technical Report, Center for Information Systems, McLean,Virginia, USA (1996)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Feki, M.A., Kawsar, F., Boussard, M., Trappeniers, L.: The Internet of Things: The Next Technological Revolution. IEEE Computer 46(2), 24–25 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Government of the Buenos Aires city. Official Report of the Train Accident in Sarmiento Line, http://buenosaires.gob.ar/2012-02-22-accidente-tren-sarmiento (last visit: September 15, 2013) (in Spanish)
  6. 6.
    IoT European Research Cluster. Internet of Things Strategic Research Roadmap. Cluster SRA (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lilien, L., Kamal, Z., Bhuse, V., Gupta, A.: Opportunistic networks: the concept and research challenges in privacy and security. In: Proc. of the Int. Workshop on Research Challenges in Security and Privacy for Mobile and Wireless Networks, Miami, USA (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu, J.W.S., Chi-Sheng, S., Chu, E.T.-H.: Cyberphysical Elements of Disaster-Prepared Smart Environments. IEEE Computer 46(2), 69–75 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin-Campillo, A., Martí, R., Yoneki, E., Crowcroft, J.: Electronic triage tag and opportunistic networks in disasters. In: Proc. of the Special Workshop on Internet and Disasters, pp. 6:1–6:10. ACM Press, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mendonça, D.: Decision Support for Improvisation in Response to Extreme Events: Learning from the Response to the 2001 World Trade Center Attack. In: Decision Support Systems, vol. 43(3), pp. 952–967 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Monares, A., Ochoa, S.F., Pino, J.A., Herskovic, V., Rodriguez-Covili, J., Neyem, A.: Mobile Computing in Urban Emergency Situations: Improving the Support to Firefighters in the Field. Expert Systems with Applications 38(2), 1255–1267 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Monares, A., Ochoa, S.F., Pino, J.A., Herskovic, V.: Improving the Initial Response Process in Urban Emergencies. In: Proc. of the IEEE CSCWD 2012, Wuhan, China, May 23-25 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ochoa, S.F., Santos, R.: Human-centric Wireless Sensor Networks to Improve Information Availability During Urban Search and Rescue Activities. Inf. Fusion (in Press) (to appear)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ozbay, K., Xiao, W., Jaiswal, G., Bartin, B., Kachroo, P., Baykal-Gursoy, M.: Evaluation of incident management strategies and technologies using an integrated traffic/incident management simulation. World Rev. of Int. Transp. Research 2(2/3), 155–186 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Panitzek, K., Schweizer, I., Bönning, T., Seipel, G., Mühlhäuser, M.: First responder communication in urban environments. Int. J. Mob. Netw. Des. Innov. 4(2), 109–118 (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    White, J., Thompson, C., Turner, H., Dougherty, B., Schmidt, D.C.: Wreckwatch: Automatic traffic accident detection and notification with smartphones. Mobile Network Applications 16(3), 285–303 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yang, L., Yang, S., Plotnick, L.: How the internet of things technology enhances emergency response operations. Technol. Forecasting and Social Change (August 2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang, J., Qi, A.: The application of Internet of things (IoT) in emergency management system in China. In: Proc. of the IEEE Conf. on Technol. for Homeland Security, November 8-10, pp. 139–142 (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodrigo Santos
    • 1
  • Javier Orozco
    • 1
  • Sergio F. Ochoa
    • 2
  • Roc Meseguer
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and ComputersIIIE, UNS-CONICETArgentina
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentUniversidad de ChileChile
  3. 3.Computer Science DepartmentUniversidad Politécnica de CataluñaSpain

Personalised recommendations