Human spaceflight as a matter of culture and national vision

  • Stephan Lingner
Part of the Studies in Space Policy book series (STUDSPACE, volume 1)


Human space activities are the subject of critical debate and justifications in the public — much more than other fields of human action and research — as well as in the scientific community due to the great amount of money spent in a highly competitive environment for public funding of scientific research and technological development. The exceptional visibility of space flight is a factor that intensifies the questions of legitimacy and creates public pressure unlike other huge investments in large facilities and enterprises, which are developing outside the limelight of public attention.195 This situation exerts particular pressure on sound reasoning when reaching budgetary decisions for manned spaceflight beyond any short-lived credits that may be gained from single, attractive missions.


Space Exploration Monetary Term Space Policy Space Travel National Vision 
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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2009

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  • Stephan Lingner

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