Advertisement

Human-Centered Design for the Spacesuit Development: A Case Study of the “Feitian” EVA Spacesuit

  • Jianping Luo
  • Wei LiuEmail author
  • Songhe Ye
Conference paper
  • 28 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1217)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to advance the current understanding of human-centred design (HCD) and its toolkits effectively applied in designing and developing spacesuits for extravehicular activity (EVA). This study intends to address how HCD supports the design and development of the EVA Spacesuit through an in-depth case study on the ‘Feitian’ EVA Spacesuit. Data were primarily collected through a series of in-depth interviews with senior staff of the Astronaut Center of China. This study mainly contributes two aspects of knowledge: (1) knowledge of aerospace product design process based on HCD principle, including design strategy and design process knowledge; (2) user knowledge: user needs and ergonomic factors involved in the design of EVA Spacesuit products were comprehensively summarised. The results of this study can contribute towards promoting a humanised design of the EVA Spacesuit.

Keywords

Human-centred design EVA Spacesuit Product design and development Design strategy 

References

  1. 1.
    Zukowsky, J.: Space Architecture: The Work of John Frassanito & Associates for NASA. Axel Menges, London (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aguzzi, M.: Comparison Between Industrial Design and Aerospace Approach in Interdisciplinary Projects for Human Exploration Mission. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.569.8580&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  3. 3.
    Norman, D.A., Draper, S.W.: User Centered System Design: New Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction. CRC Press, Boca Raton (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gasson, S.: Human-centered vs. user-centered approaches to information system design. J. Inf. Technol. Theory Appl. (JITTA) 5, 5 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shanguang, C., Guohua, J., Xin, C., Chunhui, W.: NASA Human-System Integration Design Process. China Astronautic Publishing House, Beijing (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shanguang, C.: Technology of Astronauts in Extra Vehicular Activities. China Astronautic Publishing House, Beijing (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pickett, L., Connolly, J., Arch, M., Tillman, B., Russo, D.: NASA-STD 3001 and the Human Integration Design Handbook (HIDH): Evolution of NASA-STD-3000 (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tan-qiu, L.I.: Development of Feitian EVA Space suits. Manned SpaceFlight 2008-04, 11 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abramov, I., Skoog, I.: Russian Spacesuits. Springer, London (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thomas, K.S., McMann, H.J.: US Spacesuits. Springer-Prax Books 1–397 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhijun, X., Chun-lei, G., Tan-qiu, L.I.: Retrospect and Prospect of Russian and American EVA Space suits. Space Medicine & Medical Engineering 2011-06, 7 (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wilde, R.C., McBarron, J.W., Manatt, S.A., McMann, H.J., Fullerton, R.K.: One hundred US EVAs: a perspective on spacewalks. Acta Astronaut. 51, 579–590 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Schmidt, P.B., Newman, D.J., Hodgson, E.: Modeling space suit mobility: applications to design and operations. SAE Technical Paper (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jordan, N.C., Saleh, J.H., Newman, D.J.: The extravehicular mobility unit: a review of environment, requirements, and design changes in the US spacesuit. Acta Astronaut. 59, 1135–1145 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cyert, R.M., Kumar, P., Williams, J.R.: Information, market imperfections and strategy. Strateg. Manag. J. 14, 47–58 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Barriball, K.L., While, A.: Collecting data using a semi-structured interview: a discussion paper. J. Adv. Nurs. Instit. Subscr. 19, 328–335 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lord, D.R.: Spacelab, an international success story. Scientific and Technical Information Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (1987)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xavier, D.K.: Human centric approach to space exploration. In: Proceedings of IASS Annual Symposia, pp. 1–4. International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) (2018)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thomas, K.S., McMann, H.J.: US Spacesuits. Springer, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xiusheng, G.: Construction of lean R&D process for aerospace products. Aerospace Industry Management 2013-03, 47–50 (2013)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cooper, R.G., Edgett, S.J., Kleinschmidt, E.J.: Optimizing the Stage-Gate process: what best-practice companies do - I. Res. Technol. Manag. 45, 21–27 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu, W., Moultrie, J., Ye, S.: The customer-dominated innovation process: involving customers as designers and decision-makers in developing new product. Des. J. 22(3), 299–324 (2019)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liu, W., Ye, S., Moultrie, J.: Exploring traditional and new web-based methods to involve customers in new product development. Int. J. Prod. Dev. 23(1), 42–64 (2019)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Aston UniversityBirminghamUK
  3. 3.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  4. 4.National Key Laboratory of Human Factors EngineeringChina Astronaut Research and Training CenterBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations