Advertisement

Implications of Narcissistic Personality Disorder on Organizational Resilience

  • Ronald Laurids BoringEmail author
Conference paper
  • 9 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1204)

Abstract

In the Fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association, narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by having feelings of self-importance, seeking for admiration, and lacking empathy. These traits map well into qualities of leadership such as having vision, having high achievement, and being able to make hard decisions. Unfortunately, narcissism often carries with it a number of negative traits such as manipulation or subversion of individuals, ethical lapses, and a need for constant change. On an organizational level, these traits may serve to undermine workers and the workplace, causing considerable damage in their wake and leaving personnel feeling helpless to intervene. This paper reviews an anonymized organizational case study of narcissistic personality disorder at a university. The dysfunction caused by a narcissistic leader directly led to the collapse of a program at the university, unusually high levels of attrition, and a diminished institutional reputation. This paper considers the implications of opportunistic leadership in eroding organizational resilience. Current research models focus on many of the factors that may erode organizational resilience, but they overlook the internal threat posed by narcissistic leaders. This paper reviews opportunities to consider narcissism as a causal factor in organizational resilience and human reliability analysis.

Keywords

Organizational resilience Narcissistic personality disorder Leadership Human reliability analysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Denyer, D: Organizational Resilience, British Standards Institute (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement: Deepwater Horizon Joint Investigation Team Report (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    American Nuclear Society Special Committee on Fukushima, Fukushima Daiichi ANS Committee Report (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crego, C., Widiger, T.: Psychopathy and the DSM. J. Pers. 83, 665–677 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Malim, C: Rethinking Narcissism, Harper Perennial (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Babiak, P., Hare, R.D.: Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go to Work. HarperCollins, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boddy, C.R.: Corporate psychopaths, bullying and unfair supervision in the workplace. J. Bus. Ethics 100, 367–379 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maccoby, M.: Narcissistic leaders: the incredible pros, the inevitable cons. Harvard Bus. Rev. 82, 92 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dekker, S.: Drift into Failure: From Hunting Broken Components to Understanding Complex Systems. Ashgate, Farnham (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Alvarenga, M.A.B., Melo, P.F.F.F., da Fonseca, R.A.: A review of the models for evaluating organizational factors in human reliability analysis. In: International Nuclear Atlantic Conference (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Groth, K., Mosleh, A.: A data-informed model of performance shaping factors for use in human reliability analysis, University of Maryland Report (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Boring, R.L.: Reconciling resilience with reliability: the complementary nature of resilience engineering and human reliability analysis. In: Proceedings of HFES, vol. 53, pp. 1589–1593 (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kim, J.T., Park, J., Kim, J., Seong, P.H.: Development of a quantitative resilience model for nuclear power plants. Ann. Nuclear Energy 122, 175–184 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Idaho National LaboratoryIdaho FallsUSA

Personalised recommendations