Investigations of Human Psychology and Behavior in the Emergency of Subway
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The rapid development of urban subways has greatly improved the travel efficiency. While accidents like fires, explosions and terrorist attacks in subway system always cause severe consequences due to the limited space and high population densities. The psychological and behavioral parameters in simulating subway evacuation are derived from observations of pedestrian movement under normal conditions, but not necessarily apply to emergency situations. Therefore, more statistical data on the psychological and behavioral characteristics of pedestrians in subway emergencies should be collected. In this study, we conducted a questionnaire survey in two different regions of China, namely Hefei and Shenyang. Correlation analysis was performed on the results of the questionnaire using the chi-square test and cross tabulation tables in SPSS. The relationship among people’s basic characteristics, psychology and behavior were analyzed. The in-depth analysis of correlative factors influencing the evacuation psychology and behavior were done as well.
KeywordsSubway Safety evacuation Crowd panic Human behavior Questionnaire
This research was supported by National Key R&D Program of China.
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