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Investigations of Human Psychology and Behavior in the Emergency of Subway

  • Ping Zhang
  • Lizhong YangEmail author
  • Siuming Lo
  • Yuxing Gao
  • Fangshu Dong
  • Fei PengEmail author
  • Danyan Huang
  • Han Cheng
  • Maoyu Li
  • Jiajia Jiang
Conference paper
  • 16 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1204)

Abstract

The rapid development of urban subways has greatly improved the travel efficiency. While accidents like fires, explosions and terrorist attacks in subway system always cause severe consequences due to the limited space and high population densities. The psychological and behavioral parameters in simulating subway evacuation are derived from observations of pedestrian movement under normal conditions, but not necessarily apply to emergency situations. Therefore, more statistical data on the psychological and behavioral characteristics of pedestrians in subway emergencies should be collected. In this study, we conducted a questionnaire survey in two different regions of China, namely Hefei and Shenyang. Correlation analysis was performed on the results of the questionnaire using the chi-square test and cross tabulation tables in SPSS. The relationship among people’s basic characteristics, psychology and behavior were analyzed. The in-depth analysis of correlative factors influencing the evacuation psychology and behavior were done as well.

Keywords

Subway Safety evacuation Crowd panic Human behavior Questionnaire 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by National Key R&D Program of China.

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ping Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lizhong Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Siuming Lo
    • 2
  • Yuxing Gao
    • 1
  • Fangshu Dong
    • 1
  • Fei Peng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Danyan Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Han Cheng
    • 1
  • Maoyu Li
    • 1
  • Jiajia Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Fire ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Architecture and Civil EngineeringCity University of Hong KongHong Kong Special Administrative RegionChina

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