Application of the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model to Design a Program for Prevention of Low Back Pain in a Thai Community Hospital

  • Chuliporn SopajareeyaEmail author
  • Chompunut Sopajaree
  • OiSaeng Hong
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1204)


Although low back pain (LBP) is one of the major health problems among nursing personnel in Thai hospitals, very few comprehensive interventions have been designed and there is minimal application of a planning model to design a theory-based program. The aims of this research were to design, implement, and evaluate a program for the prevention of LBP among nursing personnel in a community hospital in Thailand. The samples were selected using purposive sampling and they were divided into a program developer group and an attendant group. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected using research instruments. The program was designed, implemented, and evaluated based upon the PRECEDE-PROCEED model and consisted of three activities: 1) regular education sessions on safe patient lifting techniques and good working postures; 2) training on lifting overweight patients by using lifting devices and a lifting team; and 3) training with back muscle exercises. The results revealed that the participants’ knowledge, attitude, and health behavior scores increased at three months after the intervention (p < .05). This model can be applied as a conceptual framework and demonstrates the possibility of the use of the model to plan interventions for community hospital nursing personnel.


PRECEDE-PROCEED model Low back pain Program for prevention Community hospital Nursing personnel 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuliporn Sopajareeya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chompunut Sopajaree
    • 2
  • OiSaeng Hong
    • 3
  1. 1.The Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of NursingThammasat UniversityPathumthaniThailand
  2. 2.School of NursingMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  3. 3.School of NursingUniversity of California San Francisco (UCSF)San FranciscoUSA

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