Correlation Between Hearing Aid Use and Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly

  • Lucia LongoEmail author
  • Andrea Lucchetti
  • Mattia Pasqualotto
  • Raffaele Mariconte
  • Claudia Giliberti
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1205)


Presbycusis is the most prevalent age-related, non-reversible, sensorineural hearing loss. Evidence supporting the relationship between auditory dysfunction and cognitive degeneration has grown over the years. Because of the aging of the world population, an early identification of the disease and an audiological recovery could mitigate the rate of cognitive decline with positive consequences for quality of elderly’ social life. A group of 50 patient (70–92 years) underwent audiometric tonal examination to evaluate hearing ability. Only 50% (active group) were equipped with a bilateral hearing aid. After three years, all patients were retested. Among the active group, the Mini-Mental State Examination was administered to 7 pathological patients to assess cognitive status at the begin and at the end of the research. The results show that the active group has achieved a significantly higher minimum audibility threshold than the control group (p < 0.01) and a cognitive benefit.


Presbycusis Hearing aid Hearing loss Cognitive impairment 


  1. 1.
    World Health Organization: WHO global estimates on prevalence of hearing loss. Mortality and Burden of Diseases and Prevention of Blindness and Deafness (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Löhler, J., Cebulla, M., Shehata-Dieler, W., Volkenstein, S., Völter, C., Walther, L.E.: Hearing impairment in old age. Deutsches Ärzteblatt Int, Dtsch Arztebl Int 116, 301–310 (2019)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Ageing 2019 Highlights (2019)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blevins, N.: Presbycusis. UpToDate, Wolters Kluwer (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li-Korotky, H.S.: Age-related hearing loss: quality of care for quality of life. Gerontologist 52(2), 265–271 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang, M., Gomaa, N., Ho, A.: Presbycusis: a critical issue in our community. Int. J. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 2, 111–120 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jayakody, D., Friedland, P.L., Martins, R.N., Sohrabi, H.R.: Impact of aging on the auditory system and related cognitive functions: a narrative review. Front. Neurosci. 12, 125 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Swords, G., Nguyen, L.: Incorporating audiological measurements into Alzheimer’s diagnosis. Hear. J. 71(6), 6 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hearing care and hearing aid use in Europe, Joint AEA EFHOH, EHIMA report, Hearing Care and Hearing Aid Use in Europe, A Europe Wide Strategy (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Orlando, M.P., Giliberti, C., Lo Castro, F., Mariconte, R., Longo, L.: Effectiveness in prosthetic adaptation and users’ satisfaction: comparison between different technologies. Adv. Intell. Syst. Comput. 970, 217–227 (2020)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Folstein, M.F., Folstein, S.E., McHugh, P.R.: Mini-mental state. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J. Psychiatr. Res. 12(3), 189–198 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Longo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea Lucchetti
    • 1
  • Mattia Pasqualotto
    • 1
  • Raffaele Mariconte
    • 2
  • Claudia Giliberti
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento Organi di SensoUniversità Sapienza RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.INAIL Dipartimento Innovazioni Tecnologiche e Sicurezza degli Impianti, Prodotti ed Insediamenti AntropiciRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations