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Postural Analysis in Older Females from an Indigenous Community of Ecuador that Uses a Chumbi as Part of Their Traditional Outfit

  • Thalia San AntonioEmail author
  • María A. Latta
  • María T. Naranjo
  • David Guevara
Conference paper
  • 12 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1205)

Abstract

In Ecuador, indigenous communities are a significant percentage of the population, mainly dedicated to agriculture. Observations show that elderly women of these communities suffer severe spine deformations associated with pain and instability, that could be related to the use of a traditional lumbar girdle called chumbi, their manual daily activities and/or to poor medical care. Forty women, that used chumbi since infancy, were photographed in the sagittal and frontal planes to perform a qualitative static postural analysis to assess back musculoskeletal alterations, shoulders position and their relationship with scapulae. The results show a high prevalence of hypertonicity in back muscles (80%), hypercifosis in more than 50%, scoliosis in 46% and more than 80% of rolled shoulders and winged scapulae. The musculoskeletal disorders found aim to a muscular imbalance, that could be associated to the frequency and magnitude of the carried loads, the lifting and mooring techniques and the use of the chumbi.

Keywords

Postural analysis Indigenous women Chumbi 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is being funded by (1) Dirección de Investigación y Desarrollo (DIDE), of Universidad Técnica de Ambato under the project: “Influence of the traditional use of chumbi in musculoskeletal disorders associated with the manipulation of loads in women of the Ecuadorian highlands” and (2) Corporación Ecuatoriana para el Desarrollo de la Investigación y la Academia (CEDIA) under the project: CEPRA XIII-2019-14, Llankak Warmikunata Kamachikkuna (Protec the working woman).

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thalia San Antonio
    • 1
    Email author
  • María A. Latta
    • 1
  • María T. Naranjo
    • 1
  • David Guevara
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Técnica de AmbatoAmbatoEcuador

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