Advertisement

A Systematic Literature Review of Blockchain-Enabled Smart Contracts: Platforms, Languages, Consensus, Applications and Choice Criteria

  • Samya DhaiouirEmail author
  • Saïd Assar
Conference paper
  • 26 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 385)

Abstract

Blockchain technology is touted to revolutionize the financial sector at the beginning of its emergence. However, its area of application has expanded to include: Supply Chain Management (SCM), healthcare, e-commerce, IoT, etc. Moreover, Smart contracts are now used by different industries not only for their high transparency and accuracy but also for their capability to exclude the third parties’ involvement. Blockchain-enabled smart contracts are being adopted in different kinds of projects but still face many challenges and technical issues. This gap stems mostly from the lack of standards in smart contracts despite the Ethereum Foundation’s efforts. When seeking to use this technology, it is a challenge for companies to find their way in this multiplicity. This paper is a tentative response to this problem; we conduct a systematic review of the literature and propose a preliminary guidance framework. This framework is applied to three illustrative cases to demonstrate feasibility and relevance.

Keywords

Blockchain-enabled smart contracts Ethereum Systematic review 

References2

  1. 1.
    Nofer, M., Gomber, P., Hinz, O., Schiereck, D.: Blockchain. Bus. Inf. Syst. Eng. 59, 183–187 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-017-0467-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Swan, M.: Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy. O’Reilly Media Inc, Sebastopol (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zheng, Z., Xie, S., Dai, H.-N., Chen, X., Wang, H.: Blockchain challenges and opportunities: a survey. Int. J. Web Grid Serv. 14, 352–375 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1504/IJWGS.2018.095647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Macrinici, D., Cartofeanu, C., Gao, S.: Smart contract applications within blockchain technology: a systematic mapping study. Telematics Inform. 35, 2337–2354 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2018.10.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alharby, M., van Moorsel, A.: Blockchain-based smart contracts: a systematic mapping study. In: Fourth International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (CSIT-2017) (2017).  https://doi.org/10.5121/csit.2017.71011
  6. 6.
    Udokwu, C., Kormiltsyn, A., Thangalimodzi, K., Norta, A.: The state of the art for blockchain-enabled smart-contract applications in the organization. In: 2018 Ivannikov ISPRAS Open Conference (ISPRAS), pp. 137–144. IEEE, Moscow (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1109/ISPRAS.2018.00029
  7. 7.
    Buterin, V.: A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform. Ethereum White Pap. 3, 37 (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vukolić, M.: The quest for scalable blockchain fabric: proof-of-work vs. BFT replication. In: Camenisch, J., Kesdoğan, D. (eds.) iNetSec 2015. LNCS, vol. 9591, pp. 112–125. Springer, Cham (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39028-4_9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yli-Huumo, J., Ko, D., Choi, S., Park, S., Smolander, K.: Where is current research on blockchain technology?—a systematic review. PLoS One 11, e0163477 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liao, C.-F., Cheng, C.-J., Chen, K., Lai, C.-H., Chiu, T., Wu-Lee, C.: Toward a service platform for developing smart contracts on blockchain in BDD and TDD styles. In: 2017 IEEE 10th Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA), pp. 133–140 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1109/SOCA.2017.26
  11. 11.
    Christidis, K., Devetsikiotis, M.: Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things. IEEE Access 4, 2292–2303 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2566339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Giancaspro, M.: Is a ‘smart contract’ really a smart idea? Insights from a legal perspective. Comput. Law Secur. Rev. 33, 825–835 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leka, E., Selimi, B., Lamani, L.: Systematic literature review of blockchain applications: smart contracts. In: International Conference on Information Technologies (InfoTech), pp. 1–3 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1109/InfoTech.2019.8860872
  14. 14.
    Okoli, C., Schabram, K.: A guide to conducting a systematic literature review of information systems research. Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems, vol. 10 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brereton, O.P., Kitchenham, B.A., Budgen, D., Turner, M., Khalil, M.: Lessons from applying the systematic literature review process within the software engineering domain. J. Syst. Softw. 80, 571–583 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, S., Lee, J.-H.: Analysis of the main consensus protocols of blockchain. ICT Express (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icte.2019.08.001
  17. 17.
    Kim, S., Kwon, Y., Cho, S.: A survey of scalability solutions on blockchain. In: 2018 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC), pp. 1204–1207. IEEE (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICTC.2018.8539529
  18. 18.
    Wüst, K., Gervais, A.: Do you need a blockchain? In: Crypto Valley Conference on Blockchain Technology (CVCBT), pp. 45–54. IEEE (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Paris-Saclay, Univ Evry, IMT-BS, LITEMEvryFrance

Personalised recommendations