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Characterization of Ancient Mixed Masonry Structures of Brickwork Infilled by Cobblestone Wall

  • I. LombilloEmail author
  • Y. Boffill
  • J. Pinilla
  • E. Moreno
  • H. Blanco
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Part of the Building Pathology and Rehabilitation book series (BUILDING, volume 13)

Abstract

A great part of the Architectural Heritage is constructed with masonry walls. Certain interventions in this Heritage make it necessary to characterize the mechanical properties of these load-bearing elements. This article has the aim of proposing and using several complementary methods applicable to the characterization of the materials forming historical masonry structures, applying them to mixed masonry made up of bricks, lime mortars and cobblestones. In this research, tests were carried out on a building constructed in two clearly differentiated periods, 15–18th century and 19–20th century. A sample-taking campaign was done on bricks, mortars and portions of masonry, for later physical-chemical-morphological-mechanical testing in laboratory, and an in situ experimental minimally-intrusive campaign using techniques such as flat-jack, sclerometer and penetration-meter on mortars. The mechanical results obtained enabled the evaluation of the validity of some experimental formulas for estimating the strength of masonries from the strength of their component materials (brick and mortar), when applying them to historical constructions. In the same way, the physical-chemical characterization tests carried out enabled the justification, economically and minimally intrusively, the differentiation of the materials employed in the two construction periods.

Keywords

Masonry structures Architectural heritage Laboratory experiments In situ campaign 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported through the project “Study of the ‘Casa de los Aragoneses (Monachil, Granada)’ to assess the state of the structure and materials in order to carry out their refurbishment” funded by the ‘Organismo Autónomo de Parques Naturales’.

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Lombillo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Y. Boffill
    • 1
  • J. Pinilla
    • 2
  • E. Moreno
    • 2
  • H. Blanco
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Cantabria, Civil Engineering SchoolSantanderSpain
  2. 2.Polytechnic University of Madrid, School of ArchitectureMadridSpain

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