Devolution as a Scale Commitment from 1997 to 2010
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This chapter examines the period from 1997 to 2010, during which time political devolution as a form of decentralization becomes a scale commitment across the British state. Devolution ultimately becomes supported and implemented across the political spectrum nationally, albeit for different ideological purposes and at different stages of the period. The key questions being answered are: What political-economic motives produced the contemporary commitment to devolution, and why is this occurring now? This chapter connects to the historical and analytical method applied in this book by explaining the mechanisms of change shaping institutional structures and policy approaches over time and space, specifically, how decentralization reflects political choices, strategies and struggles in the new millennium. It does this within a broader discussion of neoclassical economic growth theory versus a social democratic approach to economic development.