Influence of Source and Ageing on the Rheological Properties and Fatigue and Rutting Resistance of Bitumen Using a DSR

  • Mrinali RochlaniEmail author
  • Sabine Leischner
  • Gustavo Canon Falla
  • Puneet Goudar
  • Frohmut Wellner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 76)


Bitumen of penetration grade 50/70 is the most commonly used binder in asphalt pavements of Europe. This research attempts to differentiate between three bitumen of penetration grade 50/70 that have been acquired from three sources. The rheological properties, fatigue and rutting resistance were analyzed and compared using the results of Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) tests. The rheological test data acquired were modelled and further approximated using the 2S2P1D model. Additionally, to understand the changes in performance due to ageing, all the DSR tests were repeated for Rolling Thin Film Oven Test (RTFOT) aged and Pressure Aging Vessel (PAV) aged bitumen. Finally, the tests results were summarized in a performance diagram to aid in overall ranking of the bitumen taking into consideration relevant parameters.


DSR tests Rheology Rutting Fatigue Ageing 2S2P1D 



We hereby acknowledge the financial support provided by TU Dresden as part of the Scholarship Program for the Promotion of Early-Career Female Scientists for Ms. Rochlani. This paper is also partly based on the research project carried out at the request of the German Research Foundation (DFG), under research project No. WE 1642/1-2 and LE 3649/1-2 (FOR2089). The authors are solely responsible for the content.


  1. AL MSCR-Test (DSR) FGSV 723 (2016): Arbeitsanleitung zur Bestimmung des Verformungsverhaltens von Bitumen und bitumenhaltigen Bindemitteln im Dynamischen Scherrheometer (DSR) (FGSV), Forschungsgesellschaft für Straßen- und VerkehrswesenGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfaqawi R, Airey GD, Grenfell JRA (2018) Effects of mineral fillers and bitumen on ageing of asphalt mastics properties. In: bearing capacity of roads, railways and airfields - proceedings of the 10th international conference on the bearing capacity of roads, railways and airfields, BCRRA 2017Google Scholar
  3. Benedetto HD, Delaporte B, Sauzéat C (2007) Three-dimensional linear behavior of bituminous materials: experiments and modeling. Int J Geomech 7(2)Google Scholar
  4. EN 12607-1 (2007) EN 12607-1:2007, Bitumen and bituminous binders - Determination of the resistance to hardening under the influence of heat and air - Part 1: RTFOT method.
  5. Hunter RN (2015) The shell bitumen handbook, 6th edn. ICE Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Jemere Y (2010) Development of a laboratory ageing method for bitumen in porous Asphalt. Delft University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  7. Migliori F, Corté J-F (2007) Comparative study of RTFOT and PAV aging simulation laboratory tests. Transp Res Rec J Transp Res BoardGoogle Scholar
  8. Oner J, Sengoz B, Maidanova N, Topal A, Malkoc G (2017) Evaluation of rheological effects of waxes on bitumen from different sourcesGoogle Scholar
  9. Petersen JC (2009) A review of the fundamentals of asphalt oxidation: chemical, physicochemical, physical property, and durability relationships. Transportation Research E-Circular (E-C140), The National Academies: Washington D.CGoogle Scholar
  10. Rochlani M, Leischner S, Falla GC, Wang D, Caro S, Wellner F (2019) Influence of filler properties on the rheological properties and performance of mastics. Submitted to Construction and Building MaterialsGoogle Scholar
  11. Singh H, Jain PK (1997) Bitumen quality and manufacturing processes—past and present technological status. Indian J Chem TechnolGoogle Scholar
  12. Wegmann M, Vienenkötter L (2017) Bitumen quality recording—a German approachGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mrinali Rochlani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sabine Leischner
    • 1
  • Gustavo Canon Falla
    • 1
  • Puneet Goudar
    • 1
  • Frohmut Wellner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Urban and Pavement EngineeringTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany

Personalised recommendations