Measuring the Dream for an Equitable and Sustainable Future
- 3 Downloads
More than 50 years after Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s assassination, what has become of his call for social, political, and economic equality for African Americans? How do we equip a new generation with knowledge, techniques and strategies of past activists, and assessments of the policies that were implemented and/or defeated in the struggle for justice and equality? How do we measure our progress toward a more just and equal society? The Measuring the Dream (MTD) project informs, enables, and inspires a diverse audience to understand the history of the journey toward a more equal society. To quantify national changes in equity since the 1950s, the project’s MTD Index identifies six arenas in which the struggle for equal justice has taken place and can be objectively traced. Data within each area are cataloged and then combined to calculate a MTD Index score from pre-1950–2016. No single index exists with this set of indicators that provides the scaling and longitudinal framework necessary to assess America’s strive towards prosperity and equality for all. This chapter describes the importance of a national equity measurement, the process to select indicators, the challenges of historical data, and construction of the MTD Index.
We would like to thank Open Society for the grant support of the Measuring the Dream from Brown to Black Lives Matter project.
- Atlanta Regional Commission. (2017). Neighborhood statistical area L01 fact sheet. http://documents.atlantaregional.com/NN/Profiles/AtlantaProfiles/L01.pdf. Accessed July 29, 2019.
- Atlanta Regional Commission. (2019a). Fulton county fact sheet. http://documents.atlantaregional.com/Profiles/County/Fulton_NN.pdf. Accessed July 29, 2019.
- Atlanta Regional Commission. (2019b). Demographic profile: Johns Creek. http://documents.atlantaregional.com/Profiles/City/Johns_Creek_NN.pdf. Accessed July 29, 2019.
- Bell, J. E., & Rubin, V. (2007). Why place matters: Building a movement for healthy communities. PolicyLink.Google Scholar
- Berube, A. (2018). City and metropolitan income inequality data reveal ups and downs through 2016. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/city-andmetropolitan-income-inequality-data-reveal-ups-and-downs-through-2016/.
- Bonczar, T. P. (2003). Prevalence of imprisonment in the U.S. population, 1974--2001. Retrieved from https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=836.
- Brooke, E. (2007). Bridging the divide: My life. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Multiple chronic conditions. https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/about/multiple-chronic.htm. Accessed March 31, 2019.
- Coleman, M. G. (2016). At a loss for words: Measuring racial inequality in America. The Review of Black Political Economy, 43(2), 177–192.Google Scholar
- Digest of Education Statistics, 2018. (n.d.). https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d18/tables/dt18_502.30.asp. Accessed March 31, 2019.
- Hacker, A. (1992). Two nations: black and white, separate, hostile, and unequal. New York City: Simon & Schuste.Google Scholar
- Haney, C. (2003). The psychological impact of incarceration: Implications for post-prison adjustment. Prisoners once removed: The impact of incarceration and reentry on children, families, and communities, 33, 66.Google Scholar
- Hanushek, E. A. (2016). What matters for student achievement. Education Next, 16(2), 1–11.Google Scholar
- Hetey, R. C., Monin, B., Maitreyi, A., & Eberhardt, J. L. (2016). Data for change: A statistical analysis of police stops, searches, handcuffings, and arrests in Oakland, Calif., 2013–2014. https://www.issuelab.org/resource/data-for-change-a-statistical-analysis-of-police-stops-searches-handcuffings-and-arrests-in-oakland-calif-2013-2014.html Accessed September 20, 2017.
- Jones, C. P., LaVeist, T. A., & Lillie-Blanton, M. (1991). “Race” in the epidemiologic literature: An examination of the American Journal of Epidemiology, 1921–1990. American Journal of Epidemiology, 134(10), 1079–1084. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- King, M. L. (1963) “I Have a Dream.” Speech presented at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C. https://www.archives.gov/files/press/exhibits/dream-speech.pdf. Accessed July 14, 2015.
- Levy, H., & Meltzer, D. (2008). The impact of health insurance on health. Annual Review of Public Health, 29(1), 399–409. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.28.021406.144042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lowery, W. (2014). Paul Ryan, poverty, dog whistles, and electoral politics. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2014/03/18/paul-ryan-poverty-dog-whistles-and-racism/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.bef5b477a28d. Accessed July 29, 2019.
- Marmot, M. (2005). Social determinants of health inequalities. The lancet, 365(9464), 1099–1104.Google Scholar
- Martin, E. (2017). Hidden consequences: The impact of incarceration on dependent children. National Institute of Justice, 278. https://nij.gov/journals/278/pages/impact-of-incarceration-on-dependent-children.aspx. Accessed May 30, 2018.
- Mitchell, B., & Franco, J. (2018). HOLD “redlining” maps: The persistent structure of segregation and economic inequality. Retrieved from www.ncrc.org.
- National Research Council. (1995). Modernizing the U.S. Census. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/4805.
- Pew Research Center. (2013). King’s dream remains an elusive goal; Many Americans see racial disparities. https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/08/22/kings-dream-remains-an-elusive-goal-many-americans-see-racial-disparities/. Accessed January 15, 2019.
- Pew Research Center. (2016). On views of race and inequality, blacks and whites are worlds apart. https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/06/27/on-views-of-race-and-inequality-blacks-and-whites-are-worlds-apart/. Accessed January 15, 2019.
- Pew Research Center. (2018). The public, the political system and American democracy. https://www.people-press.org/2018/04/26/9-the-responsibilities-of-citizenship/. Accessed July 30, 2019.
- Shipler, D. K. (1997). A country of strangers: Blacks and whites in America. New York City: Random House.Google Scholar
- Simpson, S. (n.d.). “The Great Poll Closure” is an initiative of The Leader-ship Conference Education Fund. http://civilrightsdocs.info/pdf/reports/2016/poll-closure-report-web.pdf. Accessed February 12, 2019.
- The Urban Institute. (n.d.). Nine Charts about Wealth Inequality in America (updated). http://apps.urban.org/features/wealth-inequality-charts. Accessed March 31, 2019.
- Thriving Cities Group. (n.d.). Indicator explorer. https://www.thrivingcitiesgroup.com/indicator-explorer. Accessed March 31, 2019.
- Uggen, C., Larson, R., & Shannon, S. (2016). 6 million lost voters: State-level estimates of felony disenfranchisement, 2016. https://www.sentencingproject.org/publications/6-million-lost-voters-state-level-estimates-felony-disenfranchisement-2016. Accessed 15 January 2019.
- United Nations. (1948). The universal declaration of human rights. http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/. Accessed July 30, 2019.
- U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). Census tracts. https://www2.census.gov/geo/pdfs/education/CensusTracts.pdf. Accessed July 31, 2019.
- Wolfe, A. (1998). One nation, after all: What middle-class Americans really think about: God, country, family, racism, welfare, immigration, homosexuality, work, the right, the left, and each other. New York: Viking.Google Scholar