• Jose Martin Herrera Ramirez
  • Raul Perez Bustamante
  • Cesar Augusto Isaza Merino
  • Ana Maria Arizmendi Morquecho


The constant innovation of the modern aeronautical and aerospace industries demands the use of better and lighter materials, which represents the most efficient way to reduce the weight of structural components and devices. To achieve this, increasing the resistance-weight ratio implies the use of improved techniques and processing methods for the component manufacturing, which are mainly mass-produced from light alloys and composites, directly impacting the best aircraft performance. This chapter is dedicated to provide a brief description of various types of lightweight materials and composites currently in use, which have been shown to be able of conferring improved properties when they are produced by unconventional processing techniques. For composites materials, the chapter describes some of the most used reinforcement constituents for industrial applications. A brief explanation of various processes for manufacturing lightweight materials and composites, as well as some conventional and sophisticated characterization techniques to evaluate them is afforded.


Resistance-weight ratio Light metals Metal-matrix composites Nanoreinforcements Manufacturing processes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jose Martin Herrera Ramirez
    • 1
  • Raul Perez Bustamante
    • 2
  • Cesar Augusto Isaza Merino
    • 3
  • Ana Maria Arizmendi Morquecho
    • 4
  1. 1.Advanced Materials Research CenterChihuahuaMexico
  2. 2.Mexican Corporation for Research on MaterialsCONACYTSan Luis PotosiMexico
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, GIIEN Research GroupPascual Bravo University InstitutionMedellinColombia
  4. 4.Advanced Materials Research CenterMonterreyMexico

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