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This chapter deals with the static and dynamic analysis of 2D solids, particularly in plane stress. Plane stress analysis refers to problems where the thickness is quite small when compared to other dimensions in the reference plane x–y. The loads and boundary conditions are applied at the reference or middle plane of the structure. In this chapter we consider isotropic, homogeneous materials four-node (Q4), eight-node (Q8) and nine-node (Q9) quadrilateral elements.
- 1.J.N. Reddy, An introduction to the finite element method, 3rd edn. (McGraw-Hill International Editions, New York, 2005)Google Scholar