Advertisement

The vaults of Arronches Nossa Senhora da Assunção and Misericórdia churches. Geometric and constructive comparison with the nave and refectory vaults of Jerónimos Monastery

  • Soraya M. GeninEmail author
Conference paper
  • 21 Downloads
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 326)

Abstract

The comparison between the vaults of the Arronches Nossa Senhora da Assunção church and the Jerónimos monastery church was first performed by Mário Tavares Chicó [1]. He noticed how the naves and side aisles were covered by a single curved shape, unique in Europe. Mendes Atanázio attributed both authorships to one architect: João de Castilho (c.1470–1552). The architectural analysis of both vaults concluded that there were several geometrical similarities, particularly in relation to their elevation and their gothic proportions. Arronches Misericórdia church was built in the same period as the Assunção church. It is covered by a liernes vault, similar to the refectory vault of the Jerónimos monastery. The geometric analysis of both vaults shows a similar design, in plan and in elevation. The geometric analysis of the vaults was obtained from architectural surveys. Design and construction hypothesis presented were developed using the methods of Hernán Ruiz (1500–1569) and Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón (1500–1577). They were both Spanish architects, contemporaries of João de Castilho.

Keywords

Manueline ribbed vaults Geometric and constructive analysis Late Gothic Architecture 

References

  1. 1.
    Chicó, M.T.: A arquitectura do Manuelino. Livros Horizonte, Lisboa (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Genin, S.M.: Voûtes à nervures manuélines. Le caractère innovant de João de Castilho. Ph.D. thesis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (2014). https://lirias.kuleuven.be/handle/123456789/454010
  3. 3.
    Keil, L.: Inventário Artístico de Portugal - Distrito de Portalegre. Academia Nacional de Belas Artes, Lisboa (1943)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Atanázio, M.C.M.: A arte do manuelino. Presença, Lisbon (1984)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Genin, S.M., de Jonge, K., Palacios Gonzalo, J.: Portuguese vaulting systems at the Dawn of the early Modern period. Between tradition and innovation. In: Kurrer, K., Lorenz, W., Wetzk, V. (eds.) Third International Congress on Construction History. Cottbus, vol. 2, pp. 671–678Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Viollet-Le-Duc, E.E.: Dictionnaire raisoné de l’architecture française du XIème au XVème siècle. Ed. De Nobele, Paris (1854–1868) (1967)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    García, S.: Compendio de arquitectura y simetría de los templos, estudios introductorios de Antonio Bonet Correa y Carlos Chanfón Olmos. (facsímil.): Ed. Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Valladolid 1991 (1681)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rabasa Díaz, E.: Forma y Construcción en piedra, de la cantería medieval a la estereotomía del siglo XIX. Ed. Akal, Madrid (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Genin, S.M.: Form, design and construction of ribbed vaults. João de Castilho’s innovations in the Jerónimos Monastery, Lisbon (1470–1552). Constr. Hist. Int. J. Constr. Hist. Soc. 33(1/2018):27–48 (2018). ISSN 0267-7768Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Technology and ArchitectureISCTE - Instituto Universitário de LisboaLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations