Value or Rent? A Marxist Analysis of Offsetting

  • Elia ApostolopoulouEmail author


The relationship between capitalism and nature has been extensively investigated by Marxists and ecosocialists (see e.g., Marx and Engels 1970; Marx 1964; Engels 1940; Foster 1999, 2000, 2002; Foster et al. 2011; Burkett 1999; Harvey 1996, 2014; Clark and York 2005; Smith 2010; O’Connor 1998; Huber 2009, 2017; Malm 2016). In direct opposition to the reductionist hegemonic discourse that keeps humans and non-human nature in separation, the starting point for a Marxist approach to nature–society relationships is the key position of labor.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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