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Chronic Pain and Postherpetic Neuralgia

  • Beth VanderWielen
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
Chapter
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Herpes zoster is a well-known ubiquitous, painful rash which presents in a dermatomal distribution often among aging and/or immunosuppressed populations. One of the most common but devastating sequela of varicella zoster infection, or shingles, is chronic pain at the infected site known as postherpetic neuralgia. Early diagnosis is critical to initiate timely antiviral and neuropathic pain medications to support the individuals’ ability to maintain functional status and quality of life. Fortunately, since 2017, a new FDA-approved vaccine is available in an effort to improve efficacy and sustainability of immunological response. This chapter reviews the diagnosis, pathophysiology, medical and interventional treatments, immunization recommendations, and future directions for further investigation of varicella zoster virus and treatment of postherpetic neuralgia.

Keywords

Postherpetic neuralgia Herpes zoster Shingles Varicella zoster virus Chicken pox 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth VanderWielen
    • 1
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison Hospitals and ClinicsMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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