Does the Quality of Economic Institutions Influence the Link Between External Debt and Growth? Evidence from the African Franc Zone

  • Yann NounamoEmail author
Part of the Advances in African Economic, Social and Political Development book series (AAESPD)


The aim of this paper is to analyse the role of economic institutions in the relationship between external debt and economic growth in the African Franc zone. The methodology focuses on generalized moment method (GMM) of Blundell and Blond (1998). The sample includes 12 countries within the period 1985–2015. We adopted the classification of economic institutions proposed by Rodrik (2005) from the empirical analysis. We derive the following conclusions. Economic institutions are a brake on the economic performance of those countries: (i) Quality of market creation institutions negatively affect the debt–growth nexus in the area. Similarly, market regulatory institutions have a negative impact. (ii) Market stabilization institutions have positive effects on debt–growth nexus. In other words, to stimulate economic growth through debt, it is necessary to have better institutions in order to make external debt profitable for growth in the African Franc zone. (iii) For the whole zone, we obtain an optimal debt threshold which is 50.56% of GDP for the sample considered.


External debt Economic institutions Growth African Franc zone 


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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DoualaDoualaCameroon

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