Field Equations of General Relativity

  • Reinhard HentschkeEmail author
  • Christian Hölbling
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


The core of general relativity are the Einstein field equations, which relate curvature to energy and momentum. This chapter introduces curvature and the energy-momentum tensor to derive tensor equations between them that fulfill the correct Newtonian limit—the Einstein field equation. Finally, the small curvature limit in which the Einstein field equations are linear is worked out. This establishes the contact with the other classical field theory, Maxwell electrodynamics.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mathematics and Natural SciencesUniversity of WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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