Advertisement

ASD, Trauma, and Coordinated Care

  • Samantha FuldEmail author
Chapter
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter explores issues related to trauma in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and how trauma and its sequelae can be identified and addressed through interdisciplinary coordinated care. Foundational information on trauma-informed care (TIC) and intervention strategies are provided to help guide professionals and families in better understanding common experiences of trauma in youth with ASD and effective ways to offer support and promote healing.

Keywords

Pediatrics Autism spectrum disorder Neurodevelopmental Autism Management Treatment Interdisciplinary Trauma Coordinated care 

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Bremner, J. D., Walker, J. D., Whitfield, C. H., Perry, B. D., … & Giles, W. H. (2006). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256(3), 174–186.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, J. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bellini, S. (2006). The development of social anxiety in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 21(3), 138–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berg, K. L., Shiu, C. S., Acharya, K., Stolbach, B. C., & Msall, M. E. (2016). Disparities in adversity among children with autism spectrum disorder: A population-based study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 58, 1124–1131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bishop-Fitzpatrick, L., Dababnah, S., Baker-Ericzén, M. J., Smith, M. J., & Magaña, S. M. (2019). Autism spectrum disorder and the science of social work: A grand challenge for social work research. Social Work in Mental Health, 17(1), 73–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cappadocia, M. C., Weiss, J. A., & Pepler, D. (2012). Bullying experiences among children and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(2), 266–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cashin, A., Browne, G., Bradbury, J., & Mulder, A. (2013). The effectiveness of narrative therapy with young people with autism. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 26(1), 32–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., Kliethermes, M., & Murray, L. A. (2012). Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma. Child Abuse and Neglect, 36(6), 528–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cole, S. F., Eisner, A., Gregory, M., & Ristuccia, J. (2013). Helping traumatized children learn: Creating and advocating for Trauma-sensitive schools. Retrieved from https://traumasensitiveschools.org/tlpi-publications/.
  11. Crawley, S. A., Podell, J. L., Beidas, R. S., Braswell, L., & Kendall, P. C. (2010). Cognitive-behavioral therapy with youth. In K. S. Dobson (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (pp. 375–410). New York, NY: The Guildford Press.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards, V. J., Holden, G. W., Anda, R. F., & Felitti, V. J. (2003). Relationship between multiple forms of childhood maltreatment and adult mental health: results from the adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(8), 1453–1460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V., … & Marks, J. S. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine14(4), 245–258.Google Scholar
  14. Ford, J. D., Racusin, R., Rogers, K., Ellis, C., Schiffman, J., Ribbe, D., & Edwards, J. (2002). Traumatic Events Screening Inventory for Children (TESI-C) Version 8.4. National Center for PTSD and Dartmouth Child Psychiatry Research Group.Google Scholar
  15. Fuld, S. (2018). Autism spectrum disorder: The impact of stressful and traumatic life events and implications for clinical practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 46(3), 210–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gates, G. (2019). Trauma, stigma, and autism: Developing resilience and loosening the grip of shame. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Haruvi-Lamdan, N., Horesh, D., & Golan, O. (2018). PTSD and autism spectrum disorder: Co-morbidity, gaps in research, and potential shared mechanisms. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 10(3), 290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Holstead, J., & Dalton, J. (2013). Utilization of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) for children with cognitive disabilities. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 7(5), 536–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoover, D. W., & Kaufman, J. (2018). Adverse childhood experiences in children with autism spectrum disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 31(2), 128–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hoover, D. W., & Romero, E. M. (2019). The Interactive Trauma Scale: a web-based measure for children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication.Google Scholar
  21. Humphrey, N., & Lewis, S. (2008). ‘Make me normal’: The views and experiences of pupils on the autistic spectrum in mainstream secondary schools. Autism, 12(1), 23–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., Rao, U. M. A., Flynn, C., Moreci, P., … & Ryan, N. (1997). Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children-present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(7), 980–988.Google Scholar
  23. Kerns, C. M., Newschaffer, C. J., & Berkowitz, S. J. (2015). Traumatic childhood events and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(11), 3475–3486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Locke, J., Ishijima, E. H., Kasari, C., & London, N. (2010). Loneliness, friendship quality and the social networks of adolescents with high-functioning autism in an inclusive school setting. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 10(2), 74–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mannion, A., Brahm, M., & Leader, G. (2014). Comorbid psychopathology in autism spectrum disorder. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1(2), 124–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Martin, N. (2009). Art therapy and autism: Overview and recommendations. Art Therapy, 26(4), 187–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2008). Child trauma toolkit for educators. Retrieved from https://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/resources//child_trauma_toolkit_educators.pdf.
  28. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2018). Post-traumatic stress disorder (NICE Guideline No. 116). Retrieved from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng116/chapter/Recommendations#management-of-ptsd-in-children-young-people-and-adult.
  29. O’Haire, M. E. (2013). Animal-assisted intervention for autism spectrum disorder: A systematic literature review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(7), 1606–1622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rotheram-Fuller, E., & MacMullen, L. (2011). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for children with autism spectrum disorders. Psychology in the Schools, 48(3), 263–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rumball, F. (2018). A systematic review of the assessment and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1–31.Google Scholar
  32. Schilling, E. A., Aseltine, R. H., & Gore, S. (2007). Adverse childhood experiences and mental health in young adults: A longitudinal survey. BMC Public Health, 7(1), 30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sebastian, C., Blakemore, S. J., & Charman, T. (2009). Reactions to ostracism in adolescents with autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(8), 1122–1130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sen, A. (2005). Human rights and capabilities. Journal of Human Development, 6(2), 151–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sivaratnam, C. S., Newman, L. K., Tonge, B. J., & Rinehart, N. J. (2015). Attachment and emotion processing in children with autism spectrum disorders: Neurobiological, neuroendocrine, and neurocognitive considerations. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2(2), 222–242.Google Scholar
  36. Stavropoulos, K., Bolourian, Y., & Blacher, J. (2018). Differential diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and post traumatic stress disorder: Two clinical cases. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(4), 71–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Storch, E. A., Sulkowski, M. L., Nadeau, J., Lewin, A. B., Arnold, E. B., Mutch, P. J., … & Murphy, T. K. (2013). The phenomenology and clinical correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(10), 2450–2459.Google Scholar
  38. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014). SAMHSA’s concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma-informed approach. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.Google Scholar
  39. Suskind, R. (2016). Life, animated: A story of sidekicks, heroes, and autism. Glendale, CA: Kingswell.Google Scholar
  40. Wu, C. L., An, C. P., Tseng, L. P., Chen, H. C., Chan, Y. C., Cho, S. L., et al. (2015). Fear of being laughed at with relation to parent attachment in individuals with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 10, 116–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zeedyk, S. M., Rodriguez, G., Tipton, L. A., Baker, B. L., & Blacher, J. (2014). Bullying of youth with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, or typical development: victim and parent perspectives. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(9), 1173–1183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations