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Phytohormones Producing Fungal Communities: Metabolic Engineering for Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crops

  • Pragya Tiwari
  • Mangalam Bajpai
  • Lalit Kumar Singh
  • Shashank Mishra
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
Chapter
  • 46 Downloads
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Plants are constantly exposed to environmental challenges, namely the biotic and abiotic stresses which adversely affect plant growth and agriculture productivity worldwide. To adapt to ever changing climatic conditions, plants have evolved complex molecular and physiological mechanisms to counteract such adversities. Several plant signaling pathways operate which include production of phytohormones, transcription factors, and reactive oxygen species, among others. Plant–microbe associations define a significant mutualistic interaction which enhances plant growth and development, increases nutritional uptake as well as confers abiotic stress tolerance to agricultural crops. Recent researches have extensively studied the production of phytohormones by fungal communities and genetic engineering of these phytohormones for enhancing abiotic stress tolerance in plants. The chapter provides a comprehensive analysis of fungal species producing phytohormones and their signaling mechanisms. Moreover, the chapter further discusses the major contributions of these plant–microbe associations in plant growth promotion and in conferring abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Highlighting the significance of genetic engineering of crops for improvement and production of better plant varieties as well as the associated challenges with crop production are discussed.

Keywords

Abiotic stress Fungal communities Metabolic engineering Phytohormones Sustainable agriculture Transgenic plant 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the Director, MG Institute of Management and Technology, Lucknow for constant encouragement and support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pragya Tiwari
    • 1
  • Mangalam Bajpai
    • 2
  • Lalit Kumar Singh
    • 2
  • Shashank Mishra
    • 3
  • Ajar Nath Yadav
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyMG Institute of Management and TechnologyLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biochemical Engineering, School of Chemical EngineeringHarcourt Butler Technical UniversityKanpurIndia
  3. 3.BiotechnologyQCQA Laboratory, Biotech ParkLucknowIndia
  4. 4.Department of Biotechnology, Dr. Khem Singh Gill Akal College of AgricultureEternal UniversitySirmourIndia

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