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Fungal Phytohormones: Plant Growth-Regulating Substances and Their Applications in Crop Productivity

  • Anna Goyal
  • Anu Kalia
Chapter
  • 42 Downloads
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Hormonal homeostasis of host plant is altered on invasion of plant tissues by pathogenic and/or endophytic/symbiotic fungi. One of the well-known phenomena of this hormonal tweaking is through synthesis and secretion of phytohormone (PH) or PH-like compounds by diverse rhizo-fungal population including genera-both pathogenic and plant growth promoting (PGP) in action. These fungal-derived PHs (FPHs) can either mimic the PH’s physiological functions or can facilitate growth, invasion, and perpetuation of the fungal cells in or around the host plant tissues. However, the relevance and mechanism of action of the FPH for fungus itself are largely obscured due to the complexity of a multitude of interaction signals involved during production and secretion of FPH, while the fungus exhibits interactions with the host plant. This manuscript explores the possible role of FPH produced by PGP rhizosphere or endophytic fungal communities as effector molecules to manipulate the phytohormone homeostasis and harnessing the benefits in terms of improved growth and productivity of crop plants on application of FPHs. Further, it also dissects the physiological or biochemical relevance of FPHs for the fungal hyphae itself besides the host plant on event of positive or negative interaction.

Keywords

Fungus Growth Hormonal homeostasis Phytohormone Yield 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Goyal
    • 1
  • Anu Kalia
    • 2
  1. 1.Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Electron Microscopy and Nanoscience Laboratory, Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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