• Zainab Ladan Mai-Bornu


This chapter provides an introduction to oil and political violence in African conflicts, discusses the methodology and scope of this study, and presents a synoptic overview of four other resource-rich countries in Africa (Angola, Chad, Congo, and South Sudan) that have, like Nigeria, experienced oil-related conflicts. It briefly introduces the prelude to conflicts and resistance in Africa dating back to the colonial era where different African communities protested against various forms of rules imposed upon them by colonial rulers. The modes of resistance employed were violent as demonstrated by the Kenyan Mau Mau rebellion, the Maji Maji resistance in Tanzania, the Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba resistance in Senegal and the nonviolent resistance seen in the Aba Women’s riot in Nigeria. This book addresses the reasons explaining why the Ogoni and the Ijaw, having shared similar lived experiences, decide to adopt different strategies of engagement with the state that saw the use of nonviolence and violence in the Niger Delta.


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zainab Ladan Mai-Bornu
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Trust, Peace and Social RelationsCoventry UniversityCoventryUK

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