Advertisement

Spatial Distribution of PM10 and PM2.5 in Ambient Air at E-waste Dismantling Community in Buriram, Thailand

  • Siriwipha Chanthahong
  • Tassanee PrueksasitEmail author
  • Narut Sahanavin
  • Navaporn Kanjanasiranont
Conference paper
  • 27 Downloads
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The spatial distribution of PM10 and PM2.5 was observed at the e-waste dismantling community in Daengyai and Banpao subdistrict, Buriram, Thailand. High and low volume air samplers were used to collect PM10 and PM2.5 in the ambient air, respectively, at e-waste dismantling, non-e-waste dismantling, open dumpsite, and reference area. The sampling was performed during summer and rainy seasons of 2019 for 24 h and seven consecutive days. The average concentrations of PM10 were 49.64 ± 17.71, 55.36 ± 17.46 and 57.61 ± 17.55 µg/m3 at e-waste dismantling, non-e-waste dismantling, and open dump area, respectively. For PM2.5, the average concentrations at e-waste dismantling, non-e-waste dismantling, and open dump area were 29.71 ± 14.28, 33.81 ± 18.85, 30.68 ± 13.53 µg/m3, respectively. PM10 levels at open dumpsite were 1.2 and 1.1 times higher than those of e-waste dismantling area and non-e-waste dismantling area. Meanwhile, ANOVA analysis showed no significant differences (p > 0.05) of PM10 concentration between non- and e-waste dismantling, and open dumpsite. The level of PM2.5 at the e-waste dismantling area was only higher than the reference area but lower than non-e-waste dismantling and open dump area. Besides, there was no statistically significant difference between all sampling sites for PM2.5 concentration. PM10 at non-e-waste dismantling area and open dumpsite were exceeded guidelines of WHO (50 µg/m3), and also PM2.5 (25 µg/m3) of all sampling areas. In this e-waste community, there is no zoning provided for e-waste dismantling activities. Consequently, e-waste dismantling houses were randomly distributed in the community. Consequently, it can be indicated that e-waste dismantling activities led to more PM10 contribution than PM2.5.

Keywords

Spatial distribution E-waste Ambient air pollution PM10 PM2.5 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) under Thailand Research Challenge Program for WEEE ad Hazardous Waste. The publication of this study was partially supported by the Research Program of Municipal Solid Waste and Hazardous Waste Management, Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance Management (HSM), the S&T Postgraduate Education and Research Development Office (PERDO), the Office of Higher Education Commission (OHEC). Moreover, we are deeply grateful to all local organizations and houses owner for their kindly cooperation and the involved authorities.

References

  1. Fang W, Yang Y, Xu Z (2013) PM10 and PM2.5 and health risk assessment for heavy metals in a typical factory for cathode ray tube television recycling. J Environ Sci 24(4):665–674Google Scholar
  2. Gangwar C, Singh A, Kumar A, Chaudhry AK, Tripathi A (2016) Appraisement of heavy metals in respirable dust (PM10) around e-waste burning and industrial sites of Moradabad: accentuation on spatial distribution, seasonal variation and potential sources of heavy metal. IOSR J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 10(6):14–21Google Scholar
  3. Outapa P, Ivanovitch K (2019) The effect of seasonal variation and meteorological data on PM10 concentrations in Northern Thailand. Inter J Geomate 16(56):46–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pollution Control Department (PCD) (2013) Thailand state of pollution report 2012. Sor Mongkol Printing, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  5. Pollution Control Department (PCD) (2019) Thailand state of pollution report 2012. Sor Mongkol Printing, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  6. Thongkaow P, Prueksasit T, Siriwiong W (2019) Material flow of informal electronic waste dismantling in rural area of Northeastern Thailand. In: 139th the IIER international conference on proceedings. IRAJ, India, pp 12–15Google Scholar
  7. Uddin MDJ (2012) Journal and conference paper on (environment) e-waste management. IOSR J Mech Civil Eng (IOSRJMCE) 2(1):25–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Vassanadumrongdee S (2019) http://www.eric.chula.ac.th/download/ew58/ew_pocd.pdf. Last accessed 06 Dec 2019
  9. Xu G, Jiao L, Zhang B, Zhao S, Yuan M, Gu Y, Liu J, Tang X (2017) Spatial and temporal variability of the PM2.5/PM10 ratio in Wuhan, Central China. Aerosol Air Qual Res 17:741–751Google Scholar
  10. Xue M, Yang Y, Ruan J, Xu Z (2012) Assessment of noise and heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Cd, Pb) in the ambience of the production line for recycling waste printed circuit boards. Environ Sci Technol 22(7):356–364Google Scholar
  11. Zheng X, Xu X, Yekeen TA, Zhang Y, Chen A, Kim SS, Dietrich KN, Ho S, Lee S, Reponen T, Huo X (2016) Ambient air heavy metals in PM2.5 and potential human health risk assessment in an informal electronic-waste recycling site of China. Aerosol Air Qual Res 16(2):388–397Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siriwipha Chanthahong
    • 1
  • Tassanee Prueksasit
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Narut Sahanavin
    • 4
  • Navaporn Kanjanasiranont
    • 5
  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Program in Environmental Science, Graduate SchoolChulalongkorn UniversityPathumwan District, BangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Research Program of Municipal Solid Waste and Hazardous Waste Management, Center of Excellence on Hazardous Substance ManagementBangkokThailand
  4. 4.Department of Public Health, Faculty of Physical EducationSrinakharinwirot UniversityNakhonnayokThailand
  5. 5.Faculty of Environment and Resource StudiesMahidol UniversityNakhon PathomThailand

Personalised recommendations