Research Methodology

  • Carlo GhezziEmail author


This chapter focuses on research methods and their historical development, from the seventeenth century to the current age. It recalls the foundational contributions by giants like Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, and many others. It distills the essence of the experimental method and discusses the logic mechanisms—induction and deduction—which drive it together with creativity and ingenuity. It discusses the notion of validity of research results and the approaches through which scientists can provide evidence (and confidence) of validity.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e BioingegneriaPolitecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

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