Chemical Modification of Polyfurfuryl Alcohol Resin Using Maleic Anhydride: FTIR Study of a Diels-Alder Reaction

  • Roghayyeh Marefat Seyedlar
  • Mohammad Imani
  • Seyed Mojtaba MirabediniEmail author
Conference paper


In this study, furan bio-resin (PFA) was modified with maleic anhydride (MA) via Deils-Alder reaction. With this reaction, the number of carboxylic groups of the resin is increased and, as a result, its reactivity with polyamine-based curing agent is facilitated. The modification of PFA was performed using various wt% of MA (1, 2, 3, 5, and 15) at 40 °C. Reaction kinetic of different samples was studied using FTIR spectroscopy. The results showed that PFA modified with 1, 2, and 3 wt% of MA can be cured using 30 wt% polyamine curing agent. Higher amount of MA (5 and 15 wt%) remains intact and unreacted in the systems which is not suitable for modification.


Furan resin Carbonyl content Air drying Ambient curing FTIR spectroscopy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roghayyeh Marefat Seyedlar
    • 1
  • Mohammad Imani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Seyed Mojtaba Mirabedini
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran
  2. 2.Biobased Monomers and Polymers Division (Biobased Division)Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran
  3. 3.Color and Surface Coatings DepartmentIran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran

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