Systematic Descriptions

  • Miryam Glikson-SimpsonEmail author


Type species: (original designation) Schizosporis reticulatus (Cookson and Dettmann 1959).


  1. Anderson JM (1977) The biostratigtraphy of the Permian and Triassic part 3. A review of Gondwanan Permian palynology with particular reference to the Northern Karoo Basin, South Africa. Mem Bot Surv South Africa 41:1–67Google Scholar
  2. Andrews HN, Mamay SH (1951) A new American species of Bowmanites. Bot Gaz 113:158–165Google Scholar
  3. Backhouse J (1988) Trilete spores from the Collie Basin, Western Australia. Assoc Australasian Paleontol Mem 5:53–72Google Scholar
  4. Backhouse J (1991) Permian palynostratigraphy of the Collie Basin, Western Australia. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 67:314–337Google Scholar
  5. Balme BE (1959) Some palynological evidence bearing on the development of the Glossopteris flora. Symp Roy Soc Victoria 25:269–280Google Scholar
  6. Balme BE (1952) The principal microspores of the Permian of Collie. In: Lord JH. Collie mineral field. West Aust Geol Surv Bull 105(2):164–201Google Scholar
  7. Balme BE, Segroves KL (1966) Peltacystia gen.nov.; a microfossil of uncertain affinities from the Permian of Western Australia. R Soc West Aust J 19:26–31Google Scholar
  8. Balme BE (1963) Plant microfossils from the lower triassic of Western Australia. Palaeontology 6(1):12–40Google Scholar
  9. Balme BE (1969) The Permian–Triassic boundary in Australia. Spec Publ Geol Soc Aust 2:99–112Google Scholar
  10. Balme BE (1970) Palynology of Permian-Triassic strata in the Salt Range and Surghar Range, West Pakistan. In: Kummel B, Teichert C (eds) Startigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. University Press of Kansas, Dept. of Geology Special Publ, vol 4, pp 306–453Google Scholar
  11. Balme BE, Hennelly JPF (1955) Bisaccate sporomorphs from Australian Permian coals. Aust J Bot 3(1):89–98Google Scholar
  12. Balme BE, Playford G (1967) Late Permian plant microfossils from the Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Rev Micropal 10:179–192Google Scholar
  13. Balme BE, Hennelly JPF (1956) Monolete, Monocolpate, and Alete Dporomorphs from Australian Permian coals. Aut J Bot 4(1):54–67Google Scholar
  14. Balme BE, Hassell CW (1962) Upper Devonian spore from the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Micropalaeontology 8(1):1–28Google Scholar
  15. Banerjee M, D’Rozario A (1990) Palynostratigraphic correlation of Lower Gondwana sediments in the Chuparbhita and Hura Basins. Rajmahal Hills, Eastern IndiaGoogle Scholar
  16. Bharadwaj DC (1962) The miospore genera in the coals of Raniganj Stage (Upper Permian), India. The Palaeobotanist 9:68–106Google Scholar
  17. Bharadwaj DC (1964a) Potonieisporites Bharadwaj: Ihre Morphologie, Systematik und Stratigraphie. Fortsch Geol Rheinld Westf 12:45–54Google Scholar
  18. Bharadwaj DC (1964b) The organisation in pollen grains of some early conifers. The Palaeobotanist 12:18–27Google Scholar
  19. Bharadwaj DC, Salujha SK (1964) Sporological study of Seam VIII in Raniganj coalfield, Bihar (India), Part I; Description of sporae dispersae. The Palaeobotanist 12:181–215Google Scholar
  20. Bharadwaj DC, Tiwari RS (1964) On two monosaccate genera from Barakar Stage of India. The Palaeobotanist 12:139–146Google Scholar
  21. Bharadwaj DC, Srivastava SC (1969) A Triassic microflora from India. Palaeontographica 125:119–149Google Scholar
  22. Blackburn KB (1936) A green alga. Trans R Soc Edin 58:841Google Scholar
  23. Cazzulo-Klepzig M, Mendonca Filho JG, Guerra-Sommer M, Menezes T, Wagner-Simas M, Mendonca JO, Degani-Schmidt I (2009) Effect of volcanic ash-fall on Permian peat—forming environment, on the basis of palynology, palynofacies and palaeobotany (Faxinal Coalfield, Brazil). Rev Bras Palentol 12(3):179–194Google Scholar
  24. Chaloner WG, Clarke RFA (1962) A new British Permian spore. Paleontology 4(4):648–652Google Scholar
  25. Churchill DM (1960) Living and fossil unicellular algae and aplanospores. Nature 186:493–497Google Scholar
  26. Clarke RFA (1965) British Permian saccate and monosulcate mispores. Paleontology 8(2):322–354Google Scholar
  27. Cookson IC (1947) Plant microfossils from the lignites of the Kerguelen Archipelago. B.A.N.Z. Antarct Exped (A) 2(8):129–142Google Scholar
  28. Cookson IC, Dettmann ME (1959) On Schizosporis, a new form genus from Australian Cretaceous deposits. Micropaleontology 5(2):213–216Google Scholar
  29. Cookson IC, Eisenack A (1962) Some Cretaceous and Tertiary microfossils from Western Australia. Proc R Soc Victoria 75(2):269–273Google Scholar
  30. Cousimer HL (1965) Permian spores from Apillapampa, Bolivia. J Palent 39(6):1097–1112Google Scholar
  31. Deflandre G (1954) Systematique de hystrichosphaerides, sur laception de genre Cymatiosphaera Wetzel. C.R. Somm Soc Geol France 1954:257–258Google Scholar
  32. de Jersey NJ (1962) Triassic spores and pollen grains from the Ipswich Coalfield. Geol Surv Queensl Publ 307:1–16Google Scholar
  33. Dettmann ME (1963) Upper Mesozoic microfloras from southeastern Australia. R Soc Victoria Proc 77(1):148 ppGoogle Scholar
  34. Downie C, Sarjeant WAS (1963) On the interpretation and status of some hystrichosphere genera. Palentology 6(1):83–96Google Scholar
  35. Dulhunty JA (1946) Principal microspore types in the Permian coals of New South Wales. Proc Linn Soc N.S.W. 70:132–139Google Scholar
  36. Dulhunty JA, Dulhunty R (1949) Notes on microspore types in Tasmanian Permian coals. Proc Linn Soc N.S.W. 74:132–139Google Scholar
  37. Eisenack A (1962) Neue problematische mikrofossilien. N Jb Geol Palaeont Abh 114(3):260–265Google Scholar
  38. Erdtman G (1957) Pollen and spore morphology, plant taxonomy, gymnosperms. Almquist & Wiksel, Stockholm, 151 ppGoogle Scholar
  39. Erdtman G (1952) Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy, I angiosperms, Uppsala, 539 ppGoogle Scholar
  40. Evans PR (1964) Lower Permian microflora from the Crown Point Formation, Finke area, Northern Territory. B.M.R. Records 196(30)Google Scholar
  41. Evitt WR (1963) A discussion and proposals concerning fossil dinoflagellates, hystrichospheres and acritarchs. Proc Nat Acad Sci 49(3):298–302Google Scholar
  42. Farabee M, Taylor EL, Taylor TN (1990) Correlation of Permian and Triassic palynomorph assemblage from central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 65:257–265Google Scholar
  43. Foster CB (1979) Permian plant microfossils of the Blair Athol Coal Measures, Baralaba Coal Measures and basal Rewan Formation of Queensland. Queensl Geol Surv Publ 372 Palaeontol Pap 45:1–244Google Scholar
  44. Grebe H (1957) Zur Microflora des Niederrheinischen Zechsteins. Geol Jb 73:51–74Google Scholar
  45. Hart GF (1960) Microfloral investigation of the Lower Coal Measures (K2) Ketewaka-mchuchuma Coalfield, Tanganyika. Geol Surv Tanganyika Bull 30:(1–18)Google Scholar
  46. Hart GF (1963) A probable pre-Glossopteris microfloral assemblage from Lower Karroo sediments. S Afric J Sci 59(5):135–46Google Scholar
  47. Hart GF (1964) A review of the classification and distribution of the Permian mispore taxon. Disaccate Striatiti: C.R. 5th Cong Int Strat Carb Paris 49Google Scholar
  48. Hart GF (1965a) Microflora from the Ketewaka-Mchuchuma Coalfield, Tanganyika. Geol Surv Tanganyika Bull (36):1–25Google Scholar
  49. Hart GF (1965b) The systematics and distribution of Permian miospores. Wiwatersrand Uni. Press, Johannesburg, 252 ppGoogle Scholar
  50. Hart GF (1966) Vittatina Africana, a new miospore from the Lower Permian of South Africa. Micropaleontology 12(1):37–42Google Scholar
  51. Hemer DO, Nygreen PW (1967) Algae, acritarchs and other microfosils from Lower Carboniferous of Saudi Arabia. Micropaleontology 13(2):183–194Google Scholar
  52. Hesse M, Weber M, Halbritter H (2000) A comparative study of the polyplicate pollen types in Arales, Laurales, Zinjiberales amd Gnetales. Morphol Biol 227–239Google Scholar
  53. Höeg OA, Bose MN (1960) The Glossopteris flora of the Belgian Congo. Ann Mus R Congo Belg Tervuren 8(32):106Google Scholar
  54. Ibrahim AC (1933) Sporenformen dess Agir horizont des Ruhr reviers. Diss.T.H. Berlin, pp 1–46Google Scholar
  55. Ickert-Bond SM, Skvarla JJ, Chissoe WF (2003) Pollen dimorphism in Ephedra L. (Ephedraceae). Rev Palaeobot Palynol 124:(325–334)Google Scholar
  56. Iversen J, Troels-Smith J (1950) Pollenmorfologiske definitioner og typer. Damm Geol Unders IV 3(8)Google Scholar
  57. Jansonius J (1962) Palynology of Permian and Triassic sediments, Peace River Area, Western Canada. Palaeontographica 110B:1–18Google Scholar
  58. Jizba KMM (1962) Late Paleozoic bisaccate pollen from the United States midcontinent area. J Paleont 36:871–887Google Scholar
  59. Klaus W (1963) Sporen aus dem sudalpinen Perm. Jb Geol BA 106:229–363Google Scholar
  60. Knox EM (1950) The spores of Lycopodium, Phylloglossum, Selaginella and Isoetes and their value in the study of microfossils of Palaeozoic age. Trans Proc Bot Soc Edinburgh 35:209–257Google Scholar
  61. Kosanke RM (1950) Pennsylvaniamn spores of Illinois and their use in correlation. Ill. State Geol/Surv Bull 74:1–125Google Scholar
  62. Lakhanpal RN, Sah SCD, Dube SN (1958) Further observations on plant microfossils from a carbonaceous shale near Naini Tal. The Palaeobotanist F 1(2):111–120Google Scholar
  63. Lele KM, Maithy PK (1964) An unusual monosaccate spore from the Karharbar stage, Gindih Coalfield, India. The Palaeobotanist 12(3):307–312Google Scholar
  64. Leschik G (1955) Upper sporen aus dem Salzton des Zechsteins von Neuhof bei Fulda. Palaeontographica 100B:122–142Google Scholar
  65. Leschik G (1956) Sporen aus dem Karru-Sandsteine von Norronaub (sudwest Africa). Senck leth 40(1/2):51–95Google Scholar
  66. Li J, Changqun C, Servais T, d’Ascq V, Zhu J (2004) Later Permian acritarchs from Meishan (SE China) in context of Permian palaeontology and PalaeoecologyGoogle Scholar
  67. Lindström S, McLoughlin S, Drinnan AN (1997) Intraspecific variation of taeniate bisaccate pollen within Permian Glossopterid sporangia, from the Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Int J Plant Sci 158(5):673–684Google Scholar
  68. Machiavello-Martinez JC (1963) Microsporomorfes tipos contenidos en el glacial de la base delasistema de Gondwana del Uruguay. Bot da Univers d Parana 10(1):1–14Google Scholar
  69. Mcloughlin S (1992) Western Australia’s Permian plants. Fossil Collect Bull 38:25–31Google Scholar
  70. Madler K (1964) Die geologische Verbreitung von sporen und pollen in der Deutschen Trias. Beih Geol Jb 65:147Google Scholar
  71. Medvedeva (1960) In: Zhou YX (2019) Rev Palaeobot Palynol 81(2–3):193–211Google Scholar
  72. Mehta KR (1944) Microfossils from a carbonaceous shale from the Pali beds of South Rewa, Gondwana Basin. Proc Nat Acad Sci India 14(4/5):125–141Google Scholar
  73. Maheshwari HK (1967) Studies of the Glossopteris flora of India—29 mispore assemblage from the Lower Gondwana exposures along Bansloi River in Rjmahal Hills, Bihar. The Palaeobotanist 15(3):258–280Google Scholar
  74. Mishra S, Jha N (2017) Early Permian (Asselian-Sakmarian) palynoflora from Chintalapudi Area, Godavari Graben, South India and its palaeoenvironmental implications. J Palaentol Soc India 62(2):23–40Google Scholar
  75. Naumova SN (1953) Pollen of angiosperm type from Lower Carboniferous deposits. Izv Akad Nansk S.S.S.R Geol Ser 3:103–113Google Scholar
  76. Naumova SN (1961) Spore and pollen complexes of the Carboniferous on the Russian platform and in the Urals. CR Congr Geol et Str du Carb Pt 2:437–442Google Scholar
  77. Nilsson T (1958) Uber des vorkommen eines mesozoischen sapro-pelgesteinge in Schonene. Publ Inst Miner Paleont Quat Geol Uni Lund 53:1–111Google Scholar
  78. Norris G (1965) Triassic and Jurassic miospores and acritarchs from the Beacon and Ferrar groups, Victoria Land, Antarctica. NZ Geol Geophys 8(2):236–277Google Scholar
  79. Norris G, Sarjeant WA (1965) A description index of fossil Dinophyceae and Acritarchs, Wellington. NZ Geol Surv Palaeontol Bull 40:71 ppGoogle Scholar
  80. Nygreen PW, Bourn OB (1967) Morphological variation of Potonieiesporites in late Pennsylvanian Florule. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 3(14):325–332Google Scholar
  81. Pant DD (1954) Suggestions for the classification and nomenclature of fossil spores and pollen grains. Bot Rev 20:33–60Google Scholar
  82. Pant DD (1955) On new disaccate spores from the Bacchus Marsh tillite, Victoria, Australia. Ann Mag Nat Hist Ser 12(8):41–64Google Scholar
  83. Pant DD, Nautiyal DD (1960) Some seeds and sporangia of Glossopteris Flora from Raniganj Coalfield, India. Palaeontographica 107:41–64Google Scholar
  84. Pant DD, Mehra S (1963) On the occurrence of Glossopterid spores in the Bacchus Marsh tillite, Victoria, Australia. Grana Palyn 4(1):111–120Google Scholar
  85. Playford G (1965) Plant microfossils from the Triassic sediments near Poatina, Tasmania. J Geol Soc Aust 12(2):173–210Google Scholar
  86. Potonie R (1956) Synopsis der Gattungen der sporae dispersae. Teil 1. Beih Z Geol Jahrb 23:244 ppGoogle Scholar
  87. Potonie R (1958) (1960) Synopsis der Gattungen der Sporae dispersae teil I-III. Beih Geol Jahrb 31, 39:1–189Google Scholar
  88. Potonie R, Klaus W (1954) Einige Sporengattungen das alpiner salzgebirges. Geol Jb 68: 517–546Google Scholar
  89. Potonie R, Kremp G (1954) Die gettungen der palaontologischen sporae dispersae und ihre stratigraphie. Geol Jb 69:111–194Google Scholar
  90. Potonie R, Kremp G (1955) Die Sporae Dispersae des Ruhr Karbons. Teil I: Palaeoontographica 98B:1–136Google Scholar
  91. Potonie R, Kremp G (1956) Die Sporae Dispersae des Ruhr Karbons. Teil II. Palaeontographica 99B:85–191Google Scholar
  92. Potonie R, Schweitzer NJ (1960) Der Pollen von Ulmania frumentaria: Palaeont Z 34(1):27–39Google Scholar
  93. Potonie R, Lele KM (1951) Studies in the Talchir flora-I, South Rewa, Gondwana Basin. The Palaeobotanist 8(1&2):22–37Google Scholar
  94. Potonie R, Sah SCD (1960) Sporae dispersae of lignites from Cannhore Beach on the Malabar coast of India. The Paeobotanist 1(1):121–135Google Scholar
  95. Richardson JB (1965) Middle Old Red Sandstone spore assemblages from the Orcadian Basin, North East Scotland. Paleontology 7(4):559–605Google Scholar
  96. Rigby JF, Hekel H (1977) Palynology of Permian sequence in Springsure Anticline, Central Queensland. Publ Geol Surv Qld 363:37 ppGoogle Scholar
  97. Samoilovich SR (1953) Pollen and spores from the Permian deposits of the Cherdyn and Aktyubinsk areas, Cis-Urals. Palaeobot Sbornik na 75:5–57Google Scholar
  98. Schaarschmidt F (1963) Sporen und hystrichosphaeriden aus dem Zechstein von Sudingen in der Wetterau. Palaeontographica 113B:38–91Google Scholar
  99. Schopf JW, Wilson LR, Bentall R (1944) An annotated synopsis of Palaeozoic fossil spores and the definition of generic groups Ill. Geol Surv Rep 91:1–73Google Scholar
  100. Scott RA, Barghoorn ES, Leopold EB (1960) How old are the angiosperms. Am J Sci 258A:284–299Google Scholar
  101. Sedova NA (1956) The definition of four genera of disaccate Striatiti. Translated from Russian G. Hart. JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  102. Segroves KL (1967) Cutinized microfossils of probable non-vascular origin from the Permian of Western Australia. Micropalaeontology 13(3):298–305Google Scholar
  103. Singh HP (1964) Miospore assemblage from the Permian of Iraq. Paleontology 7(2):240–266Google Scholar
  104. Staplin FL (1960) Upper Mississippian plant spores from the Golata formation, Alberta, Canada. Palaeontographica 107B:1–40Google Scholar
  105. Tiwari RS (1964) New miospore genera in the coals of Barakar Stage (Lower Gondwana) of India. The Palaeobotanist 12(3):250–159Google Scholar
  106. Tiwari RS (1965) Miospore assemblage in some coals of Barakar stage (Lower Gondwana) of India. The Palaeobotanist 12(2):168–214Google Scholar
  107. Tiwari, Navale (1967) In: Yong, Servis, Quinglai (2013) The diversity in the Permian phytoplankton. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 198:145–161Google Scholar
  108. Tripathi A, Vijaya, Murthy S, Chakarborty B, Das DK (2012) Stratigraphic status of coal horizon in Tatapan-Ramkola coalfield, Chhattisgarh, India. J Earth Syst Sci 121(2):537–557Google Scholar
  109. Virkki C (1945) Spores from the Lower Gondwana of India and Australia. Proc Nat Acad Sci Ind 15(4–5):93–175Google Scholar
  110. Wetzel O (1933) Die organischer Substanz erhalten Microfossilen. Palaeontographica Abt. A 77:147–148 & 78:1–110Google Scholar
  111. Weyland H, Krieger W (1953) Die Sporen und Pollen der Aachene-Kreide und ihre Bedeutung fur die characterisierung des Mittleren Senons. Palaeontographica 95B:6–29Google Scholar
  112. Wilson LR (1962) Plant microfossils from the flowerpot formation. Okl Geol Surv Circ 49:1050Google Scholar
  113. Wilson LR, Webster RM (1946) Plant microfossils from a Fort Union Coal of Montana. Am J Bot 33(4):271–278Google Scholar
  114. Wodehouse RP (1935) Pollen grains. Their structure, identification and significance in science and medicine. McGrow-Hill, New York, 74 ppGoogle Scholar
  115. Zavialova NE, Gomankov A, Yaroshenko OP, Rovnina LV (2004) Morphology and ultrastructure of some monosaccate pollen grains of Cordaitina Samoilovich 1953 from the Permian of Russia. Acta Palaeobotanica 44(1):3–35Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PalmwoodsAustralia

Personalised recommendations