Sexual Harassment

  • Christina GirgisEmail author


Various work environment and individual factors have been studied and identified as contributors to burnout. These areas include external stressors such as heavy workload and administrative burden, and personal characteristics such as gender and age. One area that has been largely overlooked as a contributor to burnout is sexual harassment. This is particularly important for women physicians, who are both at higher risk for burnout than their male counterparts and are disproportionately affected by sexual harassment. In this chapter, I examine sexual harassment toward women physicians as an independent issue as well as its relationship to burnout. I will examine the frequency of sexual harassment toward women physicians, break down harassment by type of perpetrator, discuss unique trainee issues, review common responses to sexual harassment, consider effects of sexual harassment and suggest responses to address sexual harassment.


Sexual harassment Ambient sexual harassment  Medical students Residents Patients Burnout 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mental Health Service Line, Edward Hines Jr. VA HospitalHinesUSA

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