Stenting of the Trachea

  • O. MichelEmail author


The trachea can be stented from both the inside and the outside to keep it open or to stabilize it. The therapy to keep the airways clear gains a further option through this procedure. This chapter deals with the current possibilities of endoluminal placeholders from a critical point of view. The focus is on today’s common self-expanding metal stents, balloon-expandable stents and silicon-based stents, which are clearly presented with numerous illustrations, tables and text descriptions regarding their differential indications as well as advantages and disadvantages. The implantation techniques of stents, which are usually performed under general anesthesia and via a rigid bronchoscope or microlaryngoscopy tubes, are dealt with comprehensively from an interdisciplinary perspective. Considerations and case studies on endoluminal stenting in benign and malignant tracheal changes can be found in the chapter as well as comprehensive explanations on problems and dangers in connection with intubations, tracheotomies, tracheoesophageal fistulas and the application of laser techniques in patients with inserted stents.


Tracheal stent Types Implantation technique Indication Complication Tracheotomy 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Afdelingshoofd, dienst KNO, Universitair ZiekenhuisVrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)BrusselBelgium

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