Advertisement

Mobilizing the Emergence of Phronetic TechnoScienceSocieties: Low-Carbon E-Mobility in China

  • David TyfieldEmail author
Chapter
  • 1 Downloads
Part of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook book series (SOSC, volume 30)

Abstract

TechnoScienceSociety (TSS) denotes the birth pangs of a new era, while signposting the importance of STS in this context, and the changes to STS in turn that it demands. This paper argues that grappling with TSS and a politics thereof demands a shift broadly from the default epistemo-politics of critique or post-structural criticism, but also going beyond work, inspired by actor network theory, on ‘ontological politics’. The paper considers some of the key problems with the conception of ontological politics vis-à-vis the predicament of an emerging TSS before a brief discussion of an alternative perspective, of complex power/knowledge systems (CP/KS) within an onto-politics of situated practical wisdom (phronesis). Finally, we illustrate the arguments by analysing, using this alternative perspective, a key case study of contemporary TSS: the ongoing attempts of innovation towards a transition in urban mobility system in China.

Keywords

TechnoScienceSociety Onto-politics Phronesis Ontological politics Complex power/knowledge systems China Urban mobility transition 

References

  1. Anagnost, A. 2004. The Corporeal Politics of Quality (Suzhi). Public Culture 16: 189–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bærenholdt, J.O. 2013. Governmobility: The Power of Mobilities. Mobilities 8 (1): 20–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barry, A. 2013. The Translation Zone: Between Actor-Network Theory and International Relations. Millennium: Journal of International Studies 41 (3): 413–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhaskar, R. 1998. The Possibility of Naturalism (2nd edn). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, U. 2015. Emancipatory Catastrophism: What Does it Mean to Climate Change and Risk Society? Current Sociology 63 (1): 75–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bloomberg. 2015. China Makes 100 Billion Yuan Bet on Electric Vehicles. Automotive News China. Available at: http://www.autonewschina.com/en/article.asp?id=14169. Accessed on 18 Dec 2015.
  7. Flyvbjerg, B., T. Landmann, and S. Schramm, eds. 2013. Real Social Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Geall, S., ed. 2013. China and the Environment. London: Zed.Google Scholar
  9. Godin, B. 2006. The Linear Model of Innovation: The Historical Construction of an Analytical Framework. Science, Technology & Human Values 31 (6): 639–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hadot, P. 1995. Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  11. Haidt, J. 2015. The Righteous Mind. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  12. Han, S.J., and Y.H. Shim. 2010. Redefining Second Modernity for East Asia: A Critical Assessment. British Journal of Sociology 61 (3): 465–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaufmann, V. 2010. Rethinking the City. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Latour, B. 2004. Whose Cosmos, Which Cosmopolitics? Comments on the Peace Terms of Ulrich Beck. Common Knowledge 10 (3): 450–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. ———. 2005. Reassembling the Social. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 2013. Facing Gaia: Six Lectures on the Political Theology of Nature, the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Edinburgh, February 18–28. http://www.bruno-latour.fr/sites/default/files/downloads/GIFFORD-ASSEMBLED.pdf. Accessed 19 Sept 2017.
  17. Law, J., ed. 1991. A Sociology of Monsters. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Mokyr, J. 1991. The Lever of Riches. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Mol, A. 1999. Ontological Politics: A Word and Some Questions. The Sociological Review 47 (S1): 74–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pálsson, G., B. Szerszynski, S. Sörlin, J. Marks, B. Avril, C. Crumley, H. Hackmann, et al. 2013. Reconceptualizing the “Anthropos” in the Anthropocene: Integrating the Social Sciences and Humanities in Global Environmental Change Research. Environmental Science & Policy 28: 3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Passoth, J.-H., and N.J. Rowland. 2010. Actor-Network State: Integrating Actor-Network Theory and State Theory. International Sociology 25 (6): 818–841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ren, H. 2013. The Middle Class in Neoliberal China: Governing Risk, Life-building, and Themed Spaces. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rowland, N.J., and J.-H. Passoth. 2014. Infrastructure and the State in Science and Technology Studies. Social Studies of Science 45 (1): 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Savransky, M. 2013. Worlds in the Making: Social Sciences and the Ontopolitics of Knowledge. Postcolonial Studies 15 (3): 351–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sheller, M., and J. Urry. 2016. Mobilizing the New Mobilities Paradigm. Applied Mobilities 1 (1): 10–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tyfield, D. 2014. Putting the Power in ‘Socio-Technical Regimes’–E-Mobility Transition in China as Political Process. Mobilities 9 (4): 585–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tyfield, D., A. Ely, and S. Geall. 2015a. Low-Carbon Innovation in China: From Overlooked Opportunities and Challenges to Transitions in Power Relations and Practices. Sustainable Development 23 (4): 206–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tyfield, D., D. Zuev, P. Li, and J. Urry. 2015b. ‘Low Carbon Innovation in Chinese Urban Mobility: Prospects, Politics and Practices’, STEPS Centre Working Paper 71, Brighton: STEPS Centre.Google Scholar
  29. Urry, J. 2007. Mobilities. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  30. Yan, Y. 2010. The Chinese Path to Individualization. British Journal of Sociology 61 (3): 489–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yang, J. 2016. ‘How Beijing’s EV Plan Came Unglued – And What To Do About It’ Automotive News China. http://www.autonewschina.com/en/article.asp?id=14289. Accessed 2 Feb 2016.
  32. Zuev, D., and D. Tyfield. 2016. ‘Beauty… and/or the Beast: Domesticating the Electric Two-Wheeler’, presentation to Low-Carbon China: Emerging Phenomena and New Questions for Innovation Governance, 18th/19th January 2016, Tsinghua University, Beijing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lancaster Environment CentreLancaster UniversityBailriggUK
  2. 2.Joint Institute for the Environment (JIE)GuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations