FTG+PM: Describing Engineering Processes in Multi-Paradigm Modelling

  • Moharram ChallengerEmail author
  • Ken Vanherpen
  • Joachim Denil
  • Hans Vangheluwe
Open Access


Model-based System Engineering (MBSE) is a methodology that uses models throughout the engineering to replace the paper-based approach of communication among stakeholders. Multi-Paradigm Modelling (MPM) is at the core of this engineering approach as for each phase in the engineering process the most appropriate models at the most appropriate levels of abstraction is used. A design process includes a set of activities in which the design decisions or evaluations of the (sub-) system properties are done. Furthermore, the design artifacts are transformed by the design activities.We can define transformations as the manipulation of a model with a specific purpose. MPM approaches do not have a standard way of representing processes. A process model for MPM should focus on the languages, model instances and transformations between these models at different levels of abstraction. In this chapter, we propose the Formalism Transformation Graph and Process Model (FTG+PM) as a standard representation of MPM processes. The described process can be simulated for analysis and orchestration, as a set of (automatic) transformations.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moharram Challenger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ken Vanherpen
    • 1
  • Joachim Denil
    • 2
  • Hans Vangheluwe
    • 3
  1. 1.University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Flanders MakeFlandersBelgium
  3. 3.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations