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Migrant Objectification in Television News Discourse in the Context of Criminalisation: An Example Concerning Slovenian Public Television Broadcast News

  • Rok Smrdelj
  • Jože VogrincEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 81)

Abstract

The chapter discusses how the evening news bulletin on Slovenian public television Dnevnik reports about the attempts of migrants to reach Western Europe across the Balkan borders. Based on our analysis of the split-screen television technique utilisation and case studies of two television news bulletins, we argue that migrant objectification, as an effect of television reporting, is the basis for the normalisation of migrant criminalisation. We primarily address reporting where migrants are merely passive objects of control and care, mute objects when spoken of by the media, politicians, police and care providers, and rarely allowed to actively speak on their own behalf and voice their concerns. The combined elements of migrants rarely given voice and so a chance to represent themselves instead of being represented by external instances, and, in some cases, even discursively constructed as an invisible danger, threatening to invade Slovenian (and by extension EU) territory by illegally crossing the Slovenian border, normalises their criminalisation. Additionally, not allowing migrants an autonomous, self-representing voice enables a variety of other discourses, primarily humanitarian discourse and discourse related to securitisation, to be applied to them as exclusively externally defined, mute, and thus objectified topic of discourse.

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Sources

  1. TV programme Dnevnik, broadcast on 17 October, 2015. https://4d.rtvslo.si/arhiv/dnevnik/174365839
  2. TV programme Dnevnik, broadcast on 25 October, 2015. https://4d.rtvslo.si/arhiv/dnevnik/174367224
  3. TV programme Dnevnik, broadcast on 14 November 2015. https://4d.rtvslo.si/arhiv/dnevnik/174371344
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Faculty of ArtsUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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