Design and Optimization of Continuous Type Rice Husk Gas Stove

  • Bimrew TamratEmail author
  • Bisrat Yilma
  • Million Asfaw
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 308)


Most of the people especially in rural areas of Ethiopia have been using charcoal, firewood and animal dung for many years. Due to these, women can be affected for different respiratory diseases. The country generates huge tonnes of rice husks at different locations. The main aim of this project was to design, manufacture and optimize the continues type rice husk gasifier which will be an efficient and convenient cooking device that produce gaseous flame using rice husk as a fuel Water Boiling Test (WBT) was performed to evaluate the performance of the gasifier stove. The indoor air quality was also tested using indoor air pollution meter. The power source specially to drive the fan was solar photovoltaic (PV). For different inlet air flow rates, WBT was checked. Air flow rate having 6.51 m3/s delivers better performance of the gasifier. The newly designed model delivers the maximum particulate concentration of 229 µg/m3 and the highest CO concentration of 3.8 ppm, and average PM concentration and CO concentrations are 63 µg/m3 and 0.42 ppm, respectively. T he thermal efficiency of the gasifier for different in let air flow rates 8.94 m3/s, 7.74 m3/s and 6.51 m3/s were checked and he result comes 36%, 30% and 45%, respectively. The specific fuel consumption for the above-mentioned inlet air flow rates in g/L were 153, 234 and 169, respectively.


Gasifier Air flow rate Indoor air quality PV power Water boiling test 


  1. 1.
    WHO Household air pollution and health.htmGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Impact Assessment of Mirt Improved Biomass Injera Stoves Commercialization in Tigray, Amhara and Oromiya National Regional States. Prepared by: MEGEN POWER Ltd. Submitted to: The MoARD/GTZ SUN Energy ProgrammeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Guta, D.D.: Assessment of biomass fuel resource potential and utilization in Ethiopia: sourcing strategies for renewable energies. Int. J. Renew. Energy Res. 2(1), 134–136 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hammed Suleiman, B.D., Asfaw, A.: Household fuel use and acute respiratory infections among younger children: an exposure assessment in Shebedino Wereda Southern Ethiopia. Afr. J. Health Sci. 18(2), 32–33 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Njong, M., Johannes, T.A.: An analysis of domestic cooking energy choices in Cameroon. Eur. J. Soc. Sci. 20(2), 25–36 (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), Strategy to Alleviate the Pressure of Fuel Demand on National Wood fuel Resources, Haiti (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    International year of rice (2004).
  9. 9.
    Jetter, J., et al.: Pollutant emissions and energy efficiency under controlled conditions for household biomass cook stoves and implications for metrics useful in setting international test standards. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 10827–10834 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Arora, P., Das, P., Jain, S., Kishore, V.V.: A laboratory based comparative study of Indian biomass cookstove testing protocol and Water Boiling Test. Energy Sustain. Dev. 21, 81–88 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Anderson, P.S.: TLUD Handbook. Mc-Graw Hill, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Grover, P.D.: Cost Estimates for a ‘Dream Stove’ for Asia (2003).
  15. 15.
    Singh, R.M., Shakya, G.R.: Study of the biomass briquetting system and cooking devices, a regional research and dissemination program phase II. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok, Thailand (2001)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Le, D.D., Do, D.T., Zwebe, D., Nguyen, M.H.: Rice husk gasifier stove performance testing report, August 2013Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Singh, A., Tuladhar, B., Bajracharya, K., Pillarisetti, A.: Assessment of effectiveness of improved cook stoves in reducing indoor air pollution and improving health in Nepal. Energy. Sustain. Dev. 16, 406–414 (2012). Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hankey, S., et al.: Using objective measures of stove use and indoor air quality to evaluate a cookstove intervention in rural Uganda. Energy Sustain. Dev. 25, 67–74 (2015). (particulate matter)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Bahir Dar Institute of TechnologyBahir Dar UniversityBahir DarEthiopia

Personalised recommendations