Advertisement

Influencing Factors of the Identity of Japanese Animation Fans Among Chinese Adolescents: A Grounded Theory Study

  • Yiqi Liang
  • Xiaoqun YuanEmail author
  • Shuying Chen
  • Jinchao Zhang
Conference paper
  • 199 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 12051)

Abstract

Individuals are increasingly exposed to vibrant cultures because of the development and popularity of new media, such as social networking and online video. Introduced to China 40 years ago, Japanese animation is prevalent among Chinese adolescents, which has been documented in much literature. However, few studies focus on the factors which make a Chinese adolescent become a Japanese animation fan, and the important factor explaining how people adopt the identity from different cultures. This study aims to deal with these questions by developing a model of influencing factors of the identity of Japanese animation fans among Chinese adolescents. The grounded theory was introduced and data used for analysis were collected from 39 Japanese animation fans among Chinese adolescents by in-depth interviews. The results suggest that audience environment, perceived quality of Japanese animation and supply and demand matching degree are three main factors impacting the identity of Japanese animation fans among Chinese adolescents.

Keywords

Identity Japanese animation Fandom Chinese adolescents Grounded theory 

References

  1. Arnett Jensen, L.: Coming of age in a multicultural world: globalization and adolescent cultural identity formation. Appl. Dev. Sci. 7(3), 189–196 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berk, L.E.: Exploring Lifespan Development, 4th edn. Pearson, New York (2017)Google Scholar
  3. Chevalier, J.A., Mayzlin, D.: The effect of word of mouth on sales: online book reviews. J. Mark. Res. 43(3), 345–354 (2004). Social Science Electronic PublishCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chung, E., Beverland, M.B., Farrelly, F., Quester, P.: Exploring consumer fanaticism: extraordinary devotion in the consumption context. In: Advances in Consumer Research – North American Conference Proceedings, vol. 35, pp. 333–340 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. Erikson, E.H.: Identity and the life cycle. Psychol. Issues 1, 18–164 (1959)Google Scholar
  6. Fung, A., Pun, B., Mori, Y.: Reading border-crossing Japanese comics/anime in China: cultural consumption, fandom, and imagination. Glob. Media China 4(1), 125–137 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gioia, D.A., Corley, K.G., Hamilton, A.L.: Seeking qualitative rigor in inductive research. Organ. Res. Methods 16(1), 15–31 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glaser, B.: The constant comparative method of qualitative analysis. Soc. Probl. 12(4), 436–445 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Glaser, B., Strauss, A.: The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London (1967)Google Scholar
  10. Goulding, C.: Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide for Management, Business and Market Research. Sage, London (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Heath, H., Cowley, S.: Developing a grounded theory approach: a comparison of Glaser and Strauss. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 41(2), 141–150 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hogg, M.A., Abrams, D., Otten, S., Hinkle, S.: The social identity perspective: intergroup relations, self-conception, and small groups. Small Group Res. 35(3), 246–276 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jenkins, H.: Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers: Exploring Participatory Culture. New York University Press, New York (2006a)Google Scholar
  14. Jenkins, H.: Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York University Press, New York (2006b)Google Scholar
  15. Jenkins, H.: The Wow Climax: Tracing the Emotional Impact of Popular Culture. New York University Press, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  16. Jenkins, H.: Fandom studies as I see it. J. Fandom Stud. 2(2), 89–109 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim, Y.A., Ahmad, M.A.: Trust, distrust and lack of confidence of users in online social media-sharing communities. Knowl. Based Syst. 37(2), 438–450 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. Langley, A.: Strategies for theorizing from process data. Acad. Manag. Rev. 24(4), 691–710 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Taylor, L.D.: Investigating fans of fictional texts: fan identity salience, empathy, and transportation. Psychol. Popul. Media Cult. 4(2), 172–187 (2015)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Melnick, M.J., Wann, D.L.: An examination of sport fandom in Australia: socialization, team identification, and fan behavior. J. Symb. Log. 50(4), 502–509 (2011)Google Scholar
  21. Phinney, J.S.: The multigroup ethnic identity measure: a new scale for use with diverse groups. J. Adolesc. Res. 7(2), 156–176 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rottmann, C., Sacks, R., Reeve, D.: Engineering leadership: grounding leadership theory in engineer’s professional identities. IEEE Eng. Manag. Rev. 44(2), 91–109 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sandvoss, C.: Fans: The Mirror of Consumption. Polity, Cambridge (2005)Google Scholar
  24. Seregina, A., Schouten, J.W.: Resolving identity ambiguity through transcending fandom. Consum. Mark. Cult. 20(2), 107–130 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sinclair, S., et al.: Sympathy, empathy, and compassion: a grounded theory study of palliative care patients’ understandings, experiences, and preferences. Palliat. Med. 31(5), 437–447 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Smith, S., Fisher, D., Cole, S.J.: The lived meaning of fanaticism: understanding the complex role of labels and categories in defining the self in consumer culture. Consum. Mark. Cult. 10(2), 77–94 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Spigel, L., Jenkins, H.: Same bat channel, different bat times: mass culture and popular memory. In: Uricchio, W., Pearson, R. (eds.) The Many Lives of the Batman, pp. 117–148. British Film Institute, London (1991)Google Scholar
  28. Strauss, A., Corbin, J.: Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, 2nd edn. Sage, Thousand Oaks (1998)Google Scholar
  29. Strauss, A., Corbin, J.: Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Sage, Thousand Oaks (1990)Google Scholar
  30. Tajfel, H.: Social categorization. In: Moscovici, S. (ed.) Introduction à la Psychologie Sociale, vol. 1, p. 292. Larousse, Paris (1972)Google Scholar
  31. Tajfel, H., Turner, J.C.: An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In: Austin, W.G., Worchel, S. (eds.) The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations, pp. 33–47. Brooks/Cole, Monterey (1979)Google Scholar
  32. Thorne, S., Bruner, G.C.: An exploratory investigation of the characteristics of consumer fanaticism. Qual. Mark. Res. Int. J. 9(1), 51–72 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yiqi Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoqun Yuan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shuying Chen
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jinchao Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Journalism and CommunicationThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatin, Hong Kong SARChina
  2. 2.School of Information ManagementWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.Department of PsychologySun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations