Advertisement

Hydrogen Gas Measurements

  • Harald I. Muri
  • Jacob J. LambEmail author
  • Markus Wahl
  • Rolf K. Snilsberg
  • Dag R. Hjelme
Chapter
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

To realise the goal of high efficiency, low-pollution, sustainable and abundant energy sector, hydrogen will play a significant role in energy storage [1]. Gas composition measurements for H2 energy storage applications mainly consist of detecting gas concentrations such as H2 to evaluate the electrochemical processes as well as their performance. The measurement of one or more gas components and concentrations may serve as important indicators for the state of chemical or thermodynamic processes in energy systems such as mass transport in fuel cells, water electrolysers or concentration batteries. Gas compositions are usually measured by using IR light absorption sensors or Raman scattering sensors and can be combined with optical fibres to confine the molecule detection at a microscale. This chapter presents principles for sensing different gas components, possible types of optical fibre systems solutions for gas detection and challenges and advantages with these.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the ENERSENSE programme and NTNU Team Hydrogen at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) for supporting and helping on this book project.

References

  1. 1.
    Hosseini SE, Wahid MA (2016) Hydrogen production from renewable and sustainable energy resources: promising green energy carrier for clean development. Renew Sust Energ Rev 57:850–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang Y, Peng H, Qian X, Zhang Y, An G, Zhao Y (2017) Recent advancements in optical fiber hydrogen sensors. Sensors Actuators B Chem (Internet) 244:393–416. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400517300047
  3. 3.
    Javahiraly N (2015) Review on hydrogen leak detection: comparison between fiber optic sensors based on different designs with palladium. Opt Eng 54(3):30901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lamb JJ, Bernard O, Sarker S, Lien KM, Hjelme DR (2019) Perspectives of surface plasmon resonance sensors for optimised biogas methanation. Eng Life Sci 19(11):759–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zheng H, Ou JZ, Strano MS, Kaner RB, Mitchell A, Kalantar-zadeh K (2011) Nanostructured tungsten oxide–properties, synthesis, and applications. Adv Funct Mater 21(12):2175–2196CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald I. Muri
    • 1
  • Jacob J. Lamb
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Markus Wahl
    • 1
  • Rolf K. Snilsberg
    • 1
  • Dag R. Hjelme
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronic Systems, ENERSENSENorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of Energy and Process Engineering, ENERSENSENorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

Personalised recommendations