The “École Normale Supérieure”: Training Professors
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In this chapter, we apply our method of analyzing educational organizations to the case of the École normale supérieure. We present the pedagogical intention of the school as conceived by Condorcet to train teachers and to develop selected aristocratic minds for the benefit of the new Republic. The historical evolution of this project is detailed until the present time, including the merging of the four Écoles normales supérieures with ComUEs. During this period, the curricula of the schools are replaced through the evolution of scientific disciplines. Finally, students’ ethnographical materials of everyday life within the walls of the original school will be presented, including vernacular language and expressions.