Advertisement

Revealing the Main Drivers of Romanians’ Migration in the European Context. An Empirical Approach Based on Gravity Models

  • Adriana Ana Maria DavidescuEmail author
  • Catalin Corneliu Ghinararu
  • Luiza Maicaneanu
Conference paper
  • 13 Downloads
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

The removal of barriers to the international circulation of persons within the European Union has influenced the Romanian migration to other European countries. The paper aims to identify the most important pull factors (factors that bring Romanian migrants into other European countries) that influence the international migration of Romanians toward the following ten European economies: Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Spain, Poland, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, UK and the Netherlands, for the period 2007–2015 using complex statistical methods based on gravity models and to classify the countries based on the main drivers obtained by cluster technique. Our empirical findings, which are in line with the literature, support the hypothesis that Romanian’s decision to emigrate is largely influenced by the economic conditions of the destination countries, the latter, which are proxied by GDP per capita being associated with increased migration flows. Also confirming other results obtained by researchers, notable pull factors influencing the Romanian migration are life expectancy, unemployment rate, tax rate, and population density. Within the paper, social networks in the destination countries have an important impact on migration, being highlighted by lagged migration flows.

Keywords

International migration Romania Pull factors Panel data Static gravity model 

JEL Classification

C23 F22 O15 O52 

References

  1. Ailenei, D., Cristescu, A., & Hrebenciuc, A., (2015). The opportunity of stimulation measures for the Romanian migrants return. Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business and Economics, 2015.Google Scholar
  2. Andren, D., & Roman, M. (2014). Should I stay or should I go? Romanian migrants during transition and enlargements. IZA Discussion Papers, No. 8690, pp. 1–34.Google Scholar
  3. Androniceanu, A., & Ohanyan, G. (2016). Comparative approach on education and healthcare in Romania and Bulgaria as beneficiaries of the IMF financial assistance. Administra’ie; I Management Public, 26, 25–48.Google Scholar
  4. Bălan, et al. (2013). Gravity model application to estimate Romanian migration size. Knowledge Horizons, 5(2), 74–78.Google Scholar
  5. Beine, M., & Parsons, C. (2015). Climatic factors as determinants of international migration. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 117(2), 723–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bertoli, S., & Fernandez-Huertas Moraga, J. (2013). Multilateral Resistance to Migration. Journal of Development Economics.Google Scholar
  7. Bertoli, S., Fernandez-Huertas Moraga, J., & Ortega, F. (2013). Crossing the border: Self-selection, earnings, and individual migration decisions. Journal of Development Economics, 101(1), 75–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bunea, D. (2012). Modele gravitaționale moderne ale migrației interne: cazul României. Economie teoretică și aplicată, XIX, 4(569), 91–108, Romania.Google Scholar
  9. Ciupureanu, C. A. (2014). Does Emigration Affect Wages? A Case Study on Romania. Finanțe—provocările viitorului, 1(16), 177–181.Google Scholar
  10. Cojocaru, B. Criza băncilor italiene: „Brexitul este doar scânteia din depozitul de benzină. Greul urmează să vină”, Ziarul financiar, 07/11/2016.Google Scholar
  11. Etzo, I. (2008). Internal migration: A review of the literature. University Library of Munich, No. 8783, pp. 1–29, Germania.Google Scholar
  12. Gazda, J., & Puziak, M. (2013). The sources of economic growth in polish regions. International Journal of academic research, 5, 245–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Glennie, A., & Pennington, J. (2013). In transition: Romanian and Bulgarian migration to the UK. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.Google Scholar
  14. Grogger, J., & Hanson, G. H. (2011). Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants. Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 42–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jennissen, R. (2007). Causality chains in the international migration systems approach. Population Research and Policy Review, 26, 411–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kainth, G. S. (2009). Push and pull factors of migration: A case of Brick Kiln Industry of Punjab State. Pacific Journal of Social Sciences, 85.Google Scholar
  17. Lee, E. S. (1966). A theory of migrations. Demography, 3, 47–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McGrew, A. (1990). A global society. In S. Hall, D. Held, & A. McGrew (Eds.), Modernity and its futures. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  19. McKenzie, D., Theorharides, C., & Yang, D. (2014). Distortions in the international migrant labor market: Evidence from Filipino Migration and wage responses to destination country economic shocks. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 6(2), 49–75.Google Scholar
  20. Ortega, F., & Peri, G. (2013). The effect of income and immigration policies on international migration. Migration Studies, 1(1), 47–74.Google Scholar
  21. Pociovălișteanu, D. M., & Badea, L. (2013). Some aspects concerning the Romanian labour market in the context of emigration. The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, 12(1), 24–31.Google Scholar
  22. Pociovălișteanu, D. M., & Dobrescu, E. (2014). The impact of migration on Romania’s economical and social development. Annals-Economy Series, 1, 264–267.Google Scholar
  23. Roman, M., & Voicu, C. (2010). Câteva efecte socio-economice ale migrației forței de muncă asupra țărilor de emigrație. Cazul României. Economie teoretică și aplicată, XVII, 7(548), 50–65, România.Google Scholar
  24. Silvers, A. (1977). Probabilistic income maximizing behavior in regional migration. International Regional Science Review, 2, 29–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Simionescu, M. (2016). Macroeconomics determinants of permanent emigration from Romania. A Bayesian approach. Journal of International Studies, 9(2), 170–180.Google Scholar
  26. Tinbergen, J. (1962). Shaping the world economy; suggestions for an international economic policy. New York: The Twentieth Century Fund.Google Scholar
  27. Trewartha, G. T. (1969). A geography of population: World pattern. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  28. Wozniak-Jechorek, B. (2015). Institutional determinants of regional diversity of labor market in Poland. Equilibrium Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 10, 129–151.Google Scholar
  29. Zelinsky, W. (1966). A prologue to population geography. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Ana Maria Davidescu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Catalin Corneliu Ghinararu
    • 2
  • Luiza Maicaneanu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Statistics and EconometricsBucharest Academy of Economic StudiesBucharestRomania
  2. 2.National Research Institute for Labour and Social ProtectionBucharestRomania
  3. 3.Bucharest University of Economic StudiesBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations